Endogenous factors influencing decay susceptibility and quality of 'd' Anjou' pear (Pyrus communis L.) fruit during maturation and storage Public Deposited

http://ir.library.oregonstate.edu/concern/graduate_thesis_or_dissertations/f7623g46v

Descriptions

Attribute NameValues
Creator
Abstract or Summary
  • The major phenolics of 'd' Anjou' pear (Pyrus communis L.) tissues were chlorogenic acid and arbutin. Chlorogenic acid inhibited mycelial growth and spore germination of Penicillium expansum and mycelial growth of Mucor piriformis. Slight increases in radial growth and spore germination of Botrytis cinerea occurred on chlorogenic acid media. Chlorogenic acid had no effect on M. piriformis spore germination. Arbutin inhibited spore germination of P. expansum, and inhibited both mycelial growth and spore germination of M. piriformis and B. cinerea. The effect of arbutin on radial growth of P. expansum was not significant. Decay susceptibility of 'd' Anjou pear fruit increased as fruit approached maturity. Ethanol extracts from the fruit increased radial growth of the fungi, but had no effect on spore germination. Fruit firmness and polygalacturonase inhibitor activity correlated significantly with percent decay. The relationship between phenolics and fruit decay was not significant. The location of fruits on the trees had no effect on decay, firmness, fungal radial growth, fungal spore germination, polygalacturonase inhibitor activity and amount of phenolics. Late maturing 'd' Anjou' pear fruits were more susceptible to storage decay than the pre- and optimum mature fruits. Immature fruit was firmer than optimum and late mature fruit at harvest and throughout the storage period. Extractable juice (EJ) of unripened fruit was maintained at a constant level throughout the storage period. EJ of ripened fruit declined substantially, but gradually increased after late sampling period. Soluble solids (SS) varied among different harvest groups and during the storage period. Fruits increased SS upon ripening. Immature fruits had higher titrable acids (TA) than optimum and late mature fruit. TA decreased during the storage period and also upon fruit ripening. Superficial scald developed on the ripened fruit in December, 1982 and increased thereafter. Immature fruits showed higher incidence of scald development than the optimum and late mature fruit in December, but all fruits developed scald symptoms after February, 1983. Optimum mature and late mature fruit developed acceptable flesh texture, juiciness, and flavor upon ripening until February, 1983. Immature fruit was incapable of developing an acceptable flavor upon ripening throughout the sampling period.
Resource Type
Date Available
Date Copyright
Date Issued
Degree Level
Degree Name
Degree Field
Degree Grantor
Commencement Year
Advisor
Academic Affiliation
Non-Academic Affiliation
Subject
Rights Statement
Peer Reviewed
Language
Digitization Specifications
  • File scanned at 300 ppi (Monochrome) using Scamax Scan+ V.1.0.32.10766 on a Scanmax 412CD by InoTec in PDF format. LuraDocument PDF Compressor V.5.8.71.50 used for pdf compression and textual OCR.
Replaces
Additional Information
  • description.provenance : Approved for entry into archive by Patricia Black(patricia.black@oregonstate.edu) on 2011-09-28T18:18:18Z (GMT) No. of bitstreams: 1 BOONYAKIATDANAI1984.pdf: 1179827 bytes, checksum: 1eb01024fe08fc5710861adbbe6795c7 (MD5)
  • description.provenance : Approved for entry into archive by Patricia Black(patricia.black@oregonstate.edu) on 2011-09-15T19:27:25Z (GMT) No. of bitstreams: 1 BOONYAKIATDANAI1984.pdf: 1179827 bytes, checksum: 1eb01024fe08fc5710861adbbe6795c7 (MD5)
  • description.provenance : Submitted by Erin Clark (clarkeri@onid.orst.edu) on 2011-09-13T17:45:56Z No. of bitstreams: 1 BOONYAKIATDANAI1984.pdf: 1179827 bytes, checksum: 1eb01024fe08fc5710861adbbe6795c7 (MD5)
  • description.provenance : Made available in DSpace on 2011-09-28T18:18:18Z (GMT). No. of bitstreams: 1 BOONYAKIATDANAI1984.pdf: 1179827 bytes, checksum: 1eb01024fe08fc5710861adbbe6795c7 (MD5) Previous issue date: 1983-09-30

Relationships

In Administrative Set:
Last modified: 08/15/2017

Downloadable Content

Download PDF
Citations:

EndNote | Zotero | Mendeley

Items