Did the Great Recession change SNAP participation behavior? A panel analysis of two Oregon SNAP participant cohorts Public Deposited

http://ir.library.oregonstate.edu/concern/graduate_thesis_or_dissertations/fn107254s

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  • This analysis explores potential changes in the behavior of Oregon's Supplemental Nutrition Assistance Program (SNAP) participants after the 2008 recession. I examine this using individual-level administrative data from the State of Oregon in a linear probability model and a duration model. After controlling for a standard set of factors known to affect SNAP participation including personal and household characteristics, geographic indicators, local economic conditions, and policy changes, I found that those in the post-recession cohort were 13.67 percentage points more likely to participate in any given month and were 40 percent less likely to exit in a given month, assuming they had been enrolled up until that point. My analysis suggests that SNAP participants with given demographic characteristics and earnings behaved differently after the recession than before the recession. These changes in participation behavior led to substantial increases in enrollment spell lengths after the recession. 
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