The scarcity of wireless spectrum resources and the overwhelming demand for wireless broadband resources have prompted industry, government agencies and academia within the wireless communities to develop and come up with effective solutions that can make additional spectrum available for broadband data. As part of these ongoing efforts, cognitive radio networks (CRNs) have emerged as an essential technology for enabling and promoting dynamic spectrum access and sharing, a paradigm primarily aimed at addressing the spectrum scarcity and shortage challenges by permitting and enabling unlicensed or secondary users (SUs) to freely search, locate and exploit unused licensed spectrum opportunities. Despite their great potentials for improving
spectrum utilization efficiency and for addressing the spectrum shortage problem, CRNs suffer from serious location privacy issues, which essentially tend to disclose the location information of the SUs to other system entities during their usage of these open spectrum opportunities. Knowing that their whereabouts may be exposed, SUs can be discouraged from joining and participating in the CRNs, potentially hindering the adoption and deployment of this technology. In this thesis, we propose frameworks that are suitable for CRNs, but also preserve the location privacy information of these SU s. More specifically,
1. We propose location privacy-preserving protocols that protect the location privacy of SUs in cooperative sensing-based CRNs while allowing the SUs to perform their spectrum sensing tasks reliably and effectively. Our proposed protocols allow also the detection of malicious user activities through the adoption of reputation mechanisms.
2. We propose location privacy-preserving approaches that provide information-theoretic privacy to SU s’ location in database-driven CRNs through the exploitation of the structured nature of spectrum databases and the fact that database-driven CRNs, by design, rely on multiple spectrum databases.
3. We propose a trustworthy framework for new generation of spectrum access systems in the 3.5 GHz band that not only protects SUs’ privacy, but also ensures that they comply with the unique system requirements, while allowing the detection of misbehaving users.