The interactions of Pratylenchus penetrans with host plants, Longidorus elongatus and Verticillium dahliae Public Deposited

http://ir.library.oregonstate.edu/concern/graduate_thesis_or_dissertations/ft848s50t

Descriptions

Attribute NameValues
Creator
Abstract or Summary
  • The root-lesion nematode, Pratylenchus penetrans (Cobb 1917). Filipjev and Shuurmans Stekhoven, 1941, is widely distributed throughout Oregon and other temperate zones of the world. Economically it is probably the most important plant parasitic nematode in Oregon because of its abundance, wide host range of economic plants and interactions with other plant pathogens in disease complexes. A host range study of this nematode included many hosts which fall into one of the four categories: vegetables, field crops, ornamentals and weeds. Most of the plants included are commercially grown in Oregon or are troublesome weeds. The hosts were given a susceptibility rating. Most plants were found to be susceptible. Some of the more susceptible hosts included the clovers, pea, radish, sunflower and the weeds lambsquarter, pigweed and wild carrot. Some plants found to be only slightly susceptible were bean, pepper, sugar beet, many grasses and wild oats. The African marigold was found to be not susceptible. New types of pear rootstocks are being actively sought to provide dwarfness and disease resistance. A test of the susceptibility to P. penetrans of several Pyrus spp. was conducted for additional information. Pyrus ussuriensis Maxim. was found to be very susceptible and P. Calleryana Dcn., a pear decline resistant rootstock, and P. syriaca Boiss., a dwarf rootstock, to be slightly susceptible. Other species were intermediate. An interaction between two plant nematodes, P. penetrans, an endoparasite, and Longidorus elongatus (de Mann, 1876) Thorne and Swanger, 1936, an ectoparasite, was investigated using peppermint as the common host. Results indicated that when the population of either one of the nematodes was high the level of the other was significantly lower. This is probably due to competition between the two nematodes for food and space. The association between P. penetrans and the fungus Verticillium dahliae Kleb. was studied. The two pathogens were grown in combination and separately on peppermint in pots in the greenhouse. Upon harvest the rhizosphere of the peppermint roots was assayed for propagules of V. dahliae. Results indicated that when the nematode was present there was a significant increase in the number of fungal propagules in the rhizosphere. This increase may constitute the necessary increase in inoculum potential of the fungus to cause the increased incidence of wilt which has been observed by several authors when the fungus and nematode are found together. There are many facets to the pathogenicity of P. penetrans. Direct damage to the host as a result of feeding on host tissues is but one facet. Control of this type of injury may be achieved by utilizing host range knowledge in selection of cover and rotation crops and in weed control. Interaction of this nematode with other plant pathogens greatly increases its importance as a pathogen. Adequate control of soil fungal diseases may be realized when the influence of soil nematodes on such diseases is better understood.
Resource Type
Date Available
Date Issued
Degree Level
Degree Name
Degree Field
Degree Grantor
Commencement Year
Advisor
Academic Affiliation
Non-Academic Affiliation
Subject
Rights Statement
Language
Digitization Specifications
  • PDF derivative scanned at 300 ppi (256 B&W), using Capture Perfect 3.0.82, on a Canon DR-9080C. CVista PdfCompressor 4.0 was used for pdf compression and textual OCR.
Replaces
Additional Information
  • description.provenance : Made available in DSpace on 2010-04-09T19:15:43Z (GMT). No. of bitstreams: 1 YorstonJohnMcKay1969.pdf: 567163 bytes, checksum: f095abc8c549c8fcd5aa1d50ceed4c73 (MD5)
  • description.provenance : Approved for entry into archive by Patricia Black(patricia.black@oregonstate.edu) on 2010-04-09T19:11:25Z (GMT) No. of bitstreams: 1 YorstonJohnMcKay1969.pdf: 567163 bytes, checksum: f095abc8c549c8fcd5aa1d50ceed4c73 (MD5)
  • description.provenance : Approved for entry into archive by Patricia Black(patricia.black@oregonstate.edu) on 2010-04-09T19:15:43Z (GMT) No. of bitstreams: 1 YorstonJohnMcKay1969.pdf: 567163 bytes, checksum: f095abc8c549c8fcd5aa1d50ceed4c73 (MD5)
  • description.provenance : Submitted by Digital Production (digitalproduc@gmail.com) on 2010-04-09T18:06:18Z No. of bitstreams: 1 YorstonJohnMcKay1969.pdf: 567163 bytes, checksum: f095abc8c549c8fcd5aa1d50ceed4c73 (MD5)

Relationships

Parents:

This work has no parents.

Last modified

Downloadable Content

Download PDF

Items