Carbonation perception : lexicon development and time-intensity studies Public Deposited

http://ir.library.oregonstate.edu/concern/graduate_thesis_or_dissertations/fx719q60h

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  • A lexicon describing the sensory perception of carbonated water was developed. Temporal aspects and differing ingestion conditions were investigated for Bite and Burn sensation using time-intensity (T-I). Four CO₂ levels (0, 1.7, 2.8, and 4.6 volumes) at 3°C and 10°C were tested. Trained panelists used a 16-pt category scale for evaluation in the first study. One swallow (15 ml) and four continuous swallows were evaluated by trained subjects using T-I in the subsequent studies. Lexicon included: salty, sour, bitter, cooling, astringency, bubbly, bubble size, bubble sound, gas expansion feeling, bite, burn, and numbing. Descriptor ratings, except cooling, increased as CO₂ level increased. Bubble size and bubble sound were rated higher for 10°C. Cooling, bite, burn, and numbing were rated higher for 3°C . Descriptors were divided into cooling, taste (salty, sour, bitter, astringency), trigeminal (bite, burn, and numbing), and mechanoreception descriptors (bubbly, bubble size, bubble sound, gas expansion feeling) based on PCA. Average temporal curves for Bite and Burn demonstrated that Burn sensation (steep linear rise and long-lived exponential decay slope) was similar to previously investigated irritants while Bite (steep linear rise and decay slopes, and relatively short duration) was unlike other irritants. Sensations were qualitatively and quantitatively different. Intensity and duration of Bite and Burn were concentration dependent. Cold temperature enhanced perception. Possible psychological habituation or desensitization was observed. Most T-I parameters were correlated for both Bite and Burn. These included CO₂ level dependent and CO₂ level independent parameters. Considerable subject variability was found. Increased exposure to CO₂ solution and increased cooling with ingestion of four continuous swallows was compared to one swallow. T-I curves for Bite (four swallows) were of higher intensity, longer duration, and developed maximum intensity plateaus. Those for Burn exhibited higher maximum intensities. At four swallows, T-I parameter correlations were strengthened, subject variability reduced and replication reproducibility improved by ease of rating afforded subjects by higher intensity sensations. Increased oral CO₂ perception with higher CO₂ levels and enhancement by cold temperature was reconfirmed. Beginnings of maximum intensity, Duration, and reaction time perceptual terminal thresholds were seen for the highest 3°C, CO₂ level. High CO₂ concentration, cold temperature, and exposure time induced these effects.
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  • description.provenance : Approved for entry into archive by Patricia Black(patricia.black@oregonstate.edu) on 2012-01-26T18:34:44Z (GMT) No. of bitstreams: 1 HARPERSTEVEN1993.pdf: 1637940 bytes, checksum: cdd385be1cda71b9860cb0593b4cc216 (MD5)

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