A study of ignition and propagation of combustive synthesis reaction between titanium and carbon Public Deposited

http://ir.library.oregonstate.edu/concern/graduate_thesis_or_dissertations/fx719q68q

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  • Combustive Synthesis or Self-Propagating High-Temperature Synthesis (SHS), is an energy-efficient combustion method of producing metallic, ceramic and composite materials from their constituent powders. This thesis presents the results of an experimental and numerical evaluation of the propagation velocity for the SHS solid-solid reaction of titanium and carbon, as well as a study of the ignition process for the reaction. The experimental results show the dependency trend of the wave propagation speed on various parameters: diameter of the reactant compact, density of the compact, reactant mixture composition, and dilution of the reactant mixture with the inert product TiC. Conditions at which the reaction ceases to propagate in a self-supporting manner are also identified. This thesis attempts to generalize the existing experimental observations of the gasless SHS process by means of a dimensional analysis, thus offering a mechanistic framework within which future developments can be correlated. The implementation of the new reaction kinetics model of Kanury and some suitable dimensionless variables permit the main factors affecting the process to be embedded in a single key parameter, the Da number. This parameter includes the overall effects of thermal properties, stoichiometry of the reaction, carbon particle size, a process constant, a compression effect and the diffusion of one reactant through an intermediate complex. The study of propagation covers a broad range of possible Da numbers that could arise for different conditions found in experiments. A section in numerical calculations of the preheated length is included as well. Comparison of the numerical and experimental results for propagation are found to be in reasonable agreement, thus validating the suitability of the analytical model. The numerical study includes an examination of the ignition problem for a stoichiometric mixture, using a prescribed surface temperature boundary condition. For this condition, an ignition threshold curve is determined above which ignition will always occur and below which no ignition is possible.
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