Saudi and non-Saudi Arab male students' attitudes toward science and science achievement in secondary schools, Riyadh, Saudi Arabia Public Deposited

http://ir.library.oregonstate.edu/concern/graduate_thesis_or_dissertations/g732dc37j

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  • The purpose of this study was (a) to develop a valid and reliable attitude toward science instrument for use with Arabic male students at the secondary school level, (b) to determine the differences in their attitudes toward science and in their achievement, and (c) to determine the relationship between measures of these attitudes toward science and the students' achievement in chemistry and physics. The subjects consisted of 115 tenth grade students, 109 eleventh grade students, and 110 twelfth grade students who were enrolled in eight secondary schools in Riyadh, Saudi Arabia. The attitude toward science instrument was developed and translated into the Arabic language. Students were pretested at the beginning of the term in 1986, and posttested at the end of the same term. The reliabilities of the instrument was calculated using the Hoyt and Stunkard technique and was found to be .66 and .61 respectively on the pretest and posttest. Two-way analysis of covariance was used to analyze test scores. Multivariant analysis of covariance was used to analyze achievement test scores in physics and chemistry. Pearson-product-moment correlation was used to find the relationship between attitude toward science and science achievement. Results revealed significant differences in (a) attitudes toward science between Saudi and non-Saudi Arab male students, with Saudi attitudes more positive, and (b) chemistry achievement, with non-Saudi students achieving at higher levels. A strong positive correlation (r ..75) was found between achievement in chemistry and physics. No significant differences were found in comparison of nationality and grade levels, physics achievement, and attitudes across grade levels. It was concluded that Saudi and non-Saudi secondary students in Riyadh, Saudi Arabia, have generally negative attitudes toward science, although attitudes of Saudi Arabic students are more positive than those of non-Saudi counterparts. However, non-Saudi subjects demonstrate higher achievement in chemistry.
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