Reconciling working landscapes with Endangered Species Act (ESA) requirements is a vexing challenge playing out in watersheds across the western United States. Beaver-related watershed restoration (BRR) methodologies have the potential to reconcile competing demands for resource extraction and recovery of ESA-listed species by restoring ecosystem functionality more effectively and at a lower cost than other watershed restoration strategies. BRR also provides a compromise between landscape scale, process-based restoration methodologies, such as Stage Zero, and more passive and prescriptive management treatments, such as riparian fencing. The research utilizes a variety of qualitative methods and a case study approach to explore emerging governance surrounding BRR in the Upper Nehalem Watershed and Upper Klamath Basin, both in Oregon. The case studies are analyzed using a conceptual framework that draws on adaptive governance theory to identify opportunities and barriers associated with efforts to reconcile ESA implementation with working landscapes. The thesis concludes with recommendations for overcoming identified barriers and supporting further experimentation with this novel approach to enhancing the resilience of western watersheds.