Deposition of sub-micron and micron-sized particles from combustion of black liquor Public Deposited

http://ir.library.oregonstate.edu/concern/graduate_thesis_or_dissertations/gq67jt37w

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  • Black liquor recovery boilers experience significant fire-side fouling problems due to the deposition of entrained particulate matter. Increased understanding of the mechanisms by which particles deposit on these surfaces will lead to more effective management of the resultant problems. There is some evidence which suggests that the sub-micron fraction of this particulate matter deposits by thermophoresis. In an effort to determine conclusively if this is the case, a facility (the Multifuel Combustor at Sandia National Laboratories) was used which could generate and deposit fly ash under conditions that mimic those found in full scale recovery boilers, and dynamically monitor deposit growth rates. Experiments where both the deposit thickness and surface temperature were monitored in situ resulted in linear deposit growth rates despite highly non-linear surface temperature increases. This rules out thermophoresis as the dominant deposition mechanism since it is dependent on the changing thermal driving force. The morphology of the windward side deposit indicates an inertially-dependent mechanism is at work in spite of the size of the particles, which are considerably smaller than what would be commonly considered inertially impacting particles. Leeward side deposits also grow linearly, indicating that thermophoresis, although possibly contributing to deposition, is not the rate-controlling mechanism. Deposition efficiencies fell in the range of 5-15%. The morphology of the sub-micron deposits is highly structured and dendritic in appearance, with over 90% voidage. The particles form long strings or filaments which grow in parallel, indicating that the particles have a high sticking efficiency and do not roll or settle subsequent to impacting. There is minimal contact between adjacent filaments. Recently published research confirms the presence of particles in the 1-50 micron range in recovery boilers. Deposition experiments were performed on this size range as well. Termed Intermediate-size, these particles deposit many times more efficiently, and produce linear deposit growth rates just as the sub-micron particles. They also deposited in clusters of filaments which grew rapidly upward and slowly outward until the adjacent clusters merged. However in this size range the clusters tended to branch out more rapidly than the sub-micron deposits. Deposition efficiencies fell in the range of 40-65%.
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  • description.provenance : Approved for entry into archive by Patricia Black(patricia.black@oregonstate.edu) on 2012-09-14T16:45:25Z (GMT) No. of bitstreams: 1 SinquefieldScottAlan1999.pdf: 23343635 bytes, checksum: 6195cfcddde7b7e47d9fd550d51c3284 (MD5)
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