Selected factors related to children's adjustment following sibling death Public Deposited

http://ir.library.oregonstate.edu/concern/graduate_thesis_or_dissertations/gq67jv127

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  • Previous research had indicated that siblings of deceased children developed a variety of behavioral problems as a result of the death (Binger et al., 1969; Cain et al., 1964; Martinson et al., 1980; Stehbens, & Lascari, 1974). The purpose of this study was to determine the relationship of selected factors and children's behavior during the first year following the sibling's death. The subjects included 33 boys and 32 girls ages 4-16 years who were siblings of deceased children. The deaths resulted from congenital, acquired or accidental conditions. Data on the behavior of the bereaved children was obtained by an interview with the mothers using a standardized tool, the Child Behavior Checklist developed by Achenbach and Edelbrock (1977). Ratings from the mothers were obtained for all the subjects; ratings from both mothers and fathers were obtained for 25 of the subjects. There were no significant differences between the parents' ratings; thus, only mothers' observations were used for analysis in the study. The results indicated that the children in this study displayed significantly more behavior problems when compared to a standardized theoretically normal population. Analysis by t tests showed the variables of sex, length of illness, parent-child communication, marital status, maternal employment, funeral attendance, and time since death were not related to the child's behavior following the death. The variables of the child's age, place of death, number of children in the family, sibling's diagnosis, and sex and age of the deceased were significantly related to behavior problems in the surviving child.
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