The content analysis of low-functioning sex offenders' dreams Public Deposited

http://ir.library.oregonstate.edu/concern/graduate_thesis_or_dissertations/gx41mn18c

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  • The problem discussed in this research concerns the content of the dreams of low-functioning sex offenders and clinical applications of those dreams in the treatment of these offenders. The subjects of the research are five low-finctioning sex offenders in the Social Skills Program (SSP) of the Oregon Forensic Psychiatric Center (OFPC) at the Oregon State Hospital. A group of five high-functioning sex offenders from the Sex Offenders Program (SOP) at OFPC is used as a comparison. In the study, a low-functioning sex offender is defined as having a full scale intelligence quotient (FSIQ) of between 65 and 84. The high-functioning sex offender comparison group is defined by an FSIQ of 85 or above. The experimental method used is a case study design using qualitative methods. The subjects submitted dreams to the researcher to be analyzed using the content analysis of dreams method developed by Hall and Van de Castle (1966). The statistical analysis used is the Mann-Whitney U test for comparison between the groups: experimental (SSP), comparison (SOP), and the norms. The Kruskal-Wallis one-way ANOVA is used to compare the findings within the groups. The statistical findings indicate there are no significant differences at the .05 level between the groups on all the subscales except in the case of "Good Fortune." The "Good Fortune" subscale shows a significant difference between the experimental group (SSP) and the comparison group (SOP). Although the statistical analysis does not show major differences between the experimental group, the comparison group, or the norm group, a number of clinically useful findings have been uncovered. There are a number of clinical applications of dreams for the low-functioning sex offender population. One application is to use dreams as a monitoring tool for progress in treatment. Dreams change during the course of treatment (Cartwright, 1986). This application gives the clinician another measure of change. A second application is to use dream reports in connection with standard treatment interventions with sex offenders, such as covert sensitization and minimal arousal conditioning. A third clinical application is the use of dreams reports in combination with art therapy techniques as a means of helping low-functioning sex offenders access their feelings.
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