Spawning chinook salmon (Oncorhynchus tshawytscha) two years in a row : reconditioning for repeated gamete collection Public Deposited

http://ir.library.oregonstate.edu/concern/graduate_thesis_or_dissertations/h128nh67n

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  • Spring chinook salmon, Oncorhynchus tshawytscha, in the Snake River Basin are listed as endangered under the Endangered Species Act. The typical life history of spring chinook salmon is semelparous. An experiment was performed to see if mature male spring chinook salmon parr could be reconditioned after hand-spawning and spawned in successive years. The mature male parr were part of a 1997 and 1998 cohort of captive broodstock from the Grande Ronde River Basin in Oregon. Force-feeding was combined with volitional feeding in an attempt to inhibit senescence and increase survival time after spawning. The viscerosomatic index, fat and protein contents increased with survival time after spawning for both cohorts. There was a significant relationship between percent weight change and survival time for the 1997 cohort (p<0.001). Force-feeding had no effect on survival time after spawning for the 1997 cohort (p=0.074) or the 1998 cohort (p=0.178). Fat content, weight gain and survival time indicated that the reconditioning process was observable in the 1997 cohort at 77 days after spawning and was cyclical, resulting in a physiological response which allowed male chinook salmon to spawn in successive years. Fertilization trials with three reconditioned males yielded a fertilization success rate of 96.9% compared to 95.7% for 4-year old, anadromous male spring chinook salmon (p=0.152), measured as production of eyed-embryos. This experiment provides new knowledge of plasticity in the reproductive biology of male, stream-type, spring chinook salmon. Reconditioning and spawning male chinook salmon parr in successive years could be used to help maximize genetic diversity and aid in the recovery of endangered Oncorhynchus populations.
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  • description.provenance : Approved for entry into archive by Patricia Black(patricia.black@oregonstate.edu) on 2012-08-21T17:11:21Z (GMT) No. of bitstreams: 1 MayerKentCorey2002.pdf: 450023 bytes, checksum: 20216ca6950766bd1fa975680c7c6fed (MD5)

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