Lichen distribution in Oregon coastal dune communities Public Deposited

http://ir.library.oregonstate.edu/concern/graduate_thesis_or_dissertations/h128nj25b

Descriptions

Attribute NameValues
Creator
Abstract or Summary
  • Distribution of lichens was studied at seven coastal dune sites in Oregon. Lichens were sampled in the dry stable, dry meadow, meadow, rush meadow, marsh, shrub and forest deflation plain communities. Observations were made of the standing water in the marsh community. Quantitative measurements were made of the percent organic matter of the surface soil in the dry stable, dry meadow, meadow and rush meadow communities and of the light intensity in a Pinus contorta forest. In the moss stage of the dry stable community, only the lichens Cladonia alpestris and Cladonia verticillata were found. Peltigera polydactyla and several species of Cladonia were in the meadow and rush meadow communities. No lichens were found in either the dry meadow or marsh communities. Driftwood logs were found in the herbaceous communities. Twenty-one species of lichens were found on the logs, more species than on any other single type of habitat. Parmelia sulcata, crustose and Cladonia spp. were the most common. Six species were recorded only on these logs. In the shrub community, crustose lichens had the highest percent frequency. Lichens were present only on the older branches and stems of the shrubs, with no lichens being found on newer growth. Lichens were studied on one-third meter bands circumscribing tree trunks and on the lower branches of Pinus contorta in a forest community. Transects were taken into the stand from several directions and light readings taken at a tree every ten paces. As light intensity decreased, percent cover of lichens on tree trunks also decreased, Lichens on the branches showed a less pronounced tendency to decrease in proportion to light intensity. Hypogymnia enteromorpha predominated in this community with many crustose lichens also present. Trees and shrubs in a pine-cedar bog, a specialized forest type, were also observed for lichens. Crustose, Hypogymnia enteromorpha and Menegazzia terebrata were the more frequent species with Platismatia herrei being abundant only on Pinus contorta. Sphaerophorus globosus was found only in this environment. Menegazzia terebrata was recorded only once outside the pine-cedar bog forest. This one observation was in a wet shrub area on Salix hookeriana. Both species may require a constantly wet habitat which is not found in the Pinus contorta forest of the deflation plains. Calculating percent organic matter of soil samples from the herbaceous communities not seasonally inundated revealed that generally, areas with more than three percent organic matter had lichens while areas with less than three percent organic matter had no lichens. The dry meadow had loose sand and little organic matter. Since lichens grow slowly, they are unable to establish themselves where the sand is unstable. Most lichens cannot tolerate long periods of inundation. Standing water for up to nine months of the year in the marsh community may explain absence of lichens from this vegetation type.
Resource Type
Date Available
Date Copyright
Date Issued
Degree Level
Degree Name
Degree Field
Degree Grantor
Commencement Year
Advisor
Academic Affiliation
Non-Academic Affiliation
Subject
Rights Statement
Peer Reviewed
Language
Digitization Specifications
  • File scanned at 300 ppi using ScandAll PRO 1.8.1 on a Fi-6670 in PDF format. CVista PdfCompressor 5.0 was used for pdf compression and textual OCR.
Replaces
Additional Information
  • description.provenance : Approved for entry into archive by Patricia Black(patricia.black@oregonstate.edu) on 2014-03-25T15:30:35Z (GMT) No. of bitstreams: 1 LeuthnerShirleyM1969.pdf: 3073129 bytes, checksum: 8b58307015cd6334046f101682636941 (MD5)
  • description.provenance : Made available in DSpace on 2014-03-25T15:30:35Z (GMT). No. of bitstreams: 1 LeuthnerShirleyM1969.pdf: 3073129 bytes, checksum: 8b58307015cd6334046f101682636941 (MD5) Previous issue date: 1968-12-10
  • description.provenance : Approved for entry into archive by Katy Davis(kdscannerosu@gmail.com) on 2014-03-06T15:01:15Z (GMT) No. of bitstreams: 1 LeuthnerShirleyM1969.pdf: 3073129 bytes, checksum: 8b58307015cd6334046f101682636941 (MD5)
  • description.provenance : Submitted by Lauren Kaysen (lkscannerosu@gmail.com) on 2014-03-05T23:21:45Z No. of bitstreams: 1 LeuthnerShirleyM1969.pdf: 3073129 bytes, checksum: 8b58307015cd6334046f101682636941 (MD5)

Relationships

In Administrative Set:
Last modified: 08/23/2017

Downloadable Content

Download PDF
Citations:

EndNote | Zotero | Mendeley

Items