Graduate Thesis Or Dissertation

 

The Role of Local Governments in the Alaska Coastal Management Program : Local Coastal Management Plans and the State Consistency Review Process Public Deposited

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  • The Alaska Coastal Management Program (ACMP) is a networked program, using existing state and local authorities and intended to allow joint state-local management of coastal zone resources and uses. The State of Alaska has outlined broad program goals, and the local governments were to specify how those goals and additional local goals would be met through local coastal planning. The state coastal review process is the primary method used to ensure that state and local governments collaborate in coastal management decisions. But local governments are very frustrated with the review process and are concerned that state government routinely discounts or ignores local coastal goals and needs. Local governments appear to be correct in asserting that state government may not be fully meeting its requirements to implement local coastal plans and facilitate state-local decision making. The situation stems from: (1) strong centralized control over the review process and local resistance to state control, (2) local dislike or resistance to the inflexibility of the review process, (3) state and local implementors having misunderstandings about their roles and responsibilities with respect to the implementation (including enforcement) of local coastal policies, (4) local misunderstandings about the relationship between the ACMP and the CZMA, including the federal role in the state and local coastal programs, (5) local perceptions that the ACMP was suppose to provide more local influence and control over state and federal actions (including permitting) than it has, (6) generally mediocre to poor state-local communication and coordination, and (7) the fact that many local coastal policies are weak or poorly constructed, making them not amenable to straightforward, successful implementation at the state or local level.
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