An exploration of combined distance and direct supervision experiences Public Deposited

http://ir.library.oregonstate.edu/concern/graduate_thesis_or_dissertations/h702q9186

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  • The purpose of this study was to discover if a relationship so necessary to effective supervision could be established and maintained over distance. Experiences with a combination of distance and direct supervision in the form of Internet interaction coupled with face-to-face, monthly group supervision were examined. Four participants, all masters-level counselors in training, were placed in rural school internship sites throughout the state. The distance and direct supervision experiences of the participants were examined over a 9-month period. The qualitative design used a descriptive approach to illustrate the combination of supervision experiences in order to identify how the formation of supervisory relationship developed over time. The analysis of data included an ongoing process of reading all of the electronic communication (E-mail) throughout the study, as well as feedback from both the participants and their on-site supervisors, and categorizing text scripts generated from taped group-supervision meetings. Recorded perceptions of the experiences of the researcher summarized the emerging themes and patterns. General supervisory themes identified were trust, self-disclosure, match, and empowerment. Participants demonstrated a motivation to participate in the distance supervision experience as well as the face-to-face group meetings. As supported by Stoltenberg’s developmental model, participants demonstrated advancement in clinical skill, moving toward autonomous functioning, with a combination of supervision methods. The participants reported a high degree of satisfaction with the supervisory relationships that developed through a combination of distance and face-to-face group supervision. Findings supported that a working alliance in an effective supervisory relationship can be established using a combination of distance and direct supervision. Technological advancements and ethical considerations discourage the use of E-mail communication in future distance supervision interactions. Recommendations are offered for further research and the development of experiential courses in the training of counselors, using distance supervision.
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