Epidemiological study of low back pain : association with socio-demographic and occupational factors Public Deposited

http://ir.library.oregonstate.edu/concern/graduate_thesis_or_dissertations/h702qb30p

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  • Low back pain (LBP) is a major-health and economic problem with uncertain etiology, and no known effective means of prevention and control. Data for this investigation were obtained from the second National Health and Nutrition Examination Survey (NHANES II) conducted by the National Center for Health Statistics. The NHANES II utilized a stratified, multistage, probability cluster sample of households to assess the health and nutritional status of 27,803 persons. The sample population for this study included 10,450 adults aged 25 years or older. The overall lifetime prevalence of LBP lasting at least two weeks was 13.8%. This represented a weighted value, adjusted for the probability of selection, non-response, age, sex, and race composition of the United States population. A major purpose of this study was to characterize population groups at high probability of reporting LBP. Using multivariate methods, the characteristics of three population groups at high probability of reporting low back pain were identified. The first group consisted of a sample of the general population, and it was found that the probability of reporting low back pain was significantly higher for older individuals who were unemployed, had low income, smoked cigarettes, and lived outside of a standard metropolitan statistical area. In order to determine the effect of reproductive factors on the prevalence of low back pain, analysis of the second group was restricted to women. Results indicated that women at high probability of reporting LBP had an early onset of menopause, less than high school education, and lived outside of a standard metropolitan statistical area. The last group consisted of persons of both genders in the work-force; and it was found that older age, low income, and working conditions involving vibration and noise were important predictors of LBP. Such characterization of population groups at high probability of reporting LBP should enable health educators and health promotion specialists to develop effective educational strategies with the goal of reducing the occurrence and severity of LBP.
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  • File scanned at 300 ppi (Monochrome) using ScandAll PRO 1.8.1 on a Fi-6770A in PDF format. CVista PdfCompressor 5.0 was used for pdf compression and textual OCR.
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  • description.provenance : Approved for entry into archive by Patricia Black(patricia.black@oregonstate.edu) on 2013-06-25T17:00:22Z (GMT) No. of bitstreams: 1 AderaTilahun1988.pdf: 1414480 bytes, checksum: 508fd3027e1bae1147a33b3bcf355b19 (MD5)
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  • 1988
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  • description.provenance : Made available in DSpace on 2013-06-25T17:00:22Z (GMT). No. of bitstreams: 1 AderaTilahun1988.pdf: 1414480 bytes, checksum: 508fd3027e1bae1147a33b3bcf355b19 (MD5) Previous issue date: 1987-12-01

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