The application of ablative laser ultrasonics to an aluminum plate, titanium tube, and welded joints Public Deposited

http://ir.library.oregonstate.edu/concern/graduate_thesis_or_dissertations/h989r5354

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  • Laser ultrasonics can be used to nondestructively evaluate structures to determine the existence and location of surface and interior flaws. The goal of this research was to determine if laser ultrasonic techniques can be applied to the inspection of aluminum plate. titanium tubes, and large welded plate structures. The research was carried out with a Q-switched pulsed ruby laser emitting light of 694 nm wavelength. Ultrasonic waves were experimentally generated and recorded in the aluminum plate and the titanium tube. A comprehensive literature study was completed to determine if the technique can be applied to welded structures. For the two experimental cases, the ultrasonic waves were received by a piezoelectric pinducer which was located on the opposite side of the plate. and on the outside of the tube. A digital oscilloscope captured the signals from the pinducer. The signals were then analyzed to determine echo spacing and frequency content. The physical characteristics of the laser pulse such as the energy and full-width-half-height and amplitudes were measured via a photodiode system and a calorimeter. The aluminum plate confirmed that the system was functioning properly, as the ultrasonic echoes that were generated matched the expected results from previous experimentation. The titanium tube data turned out to be difficult to interpret due to the complex geometry and mode conversion. The welding research showed that ultrasound can be used to identify many types of flaws in a welded joint. Currently, few researchers have applied the laser based ultrasound to flaw detection in finished welds, although several have looked at using the laser ultrasound as an input to a control system for a weld in progress. The literature research uncovered the need for further studies on the application of laser based ultrasound to flaw detection in completed welds.
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