Value, volume, and jobs : a comprehensive assessment of wood fiber and residue utilization within Oregon: 1992 Public Deposited

http://ir.library.oregonstate.edu/concern/graduate_thesis_or_dissertations/h989r646v

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  • Oregon's forest product industry continues to be the nation's number one producer of wood products. The forest products industry contributes significantly to Oregon's economy. Changes in timber supply, land use policy, technology, and product demand create significant impacts on the region. The activities of the wood products industry translate into jobs, payroll, taxes, and the purchase of services and materials from other industries. In order to trace the contribution of the wood products industry to the state of Oregon's economy, a thorough understanding of how wood is utilized at all subsequent stages of processing is necessary. This study provides an in-depth look at the forest products industry by estimating the volume of wood, number of jobs, and value added of product shipments at each stage of processing, from harvest to final product. The forest products industry as defined in this study includes six primary wood processing industries: sawmills; veneer and plywood mills; pulp and board mills; shake and shingle mills; pole, post & piling mills; and log export firms. Seven secondary and/or residue converting industries are included: structural members, which produce engineered wood products such as laminated veneer, glu-lam beams, and I-joist; millwork; furniture; materials handling, which includes pallets, dunnage and other products used in shipping; reconstituted wood products, such as particle and hard board; converted paper and board products; and miscellaneous wood products. Forestry services and regeneration, logging operations, and hauling are also included to the extent possible. The results of this study indicate the forest products industry in Oregon supported in excess of 80,000 jobs and provided value added in manufacture of more than 5.2 billion dollars in 1992. The estimated harvest volume in 1992 was 1,409.4 million cubic feet and 1,547.1 million cubic feet of logs were consumed in Oregon primary wood products industries. The employment numbers in this study are not directly comparable to other studies because the definition of "wood products industries" may be broader than in other reports. Using the traditional definitions of SIC 24 (lumber and wood products) and SIC 26, (paper and allied products) 63,000 people were employed in wood products industries in 1992.
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