Bulldozer blades and colliding submarine mountain chains : constraints on central Oregon convergent margin tectonics from magnetics and gravity Public Deposited

http://ir.library.oregonstate.edu/concern/graduate_thesis_or_dissertations/hd76s227p

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  • Magnetic and gravity modelling was completed along two E-W transects offshore central Oregon. These models indicate that the backstop-forming western edge of the Siletz terrane has a seaward dip of approximately 40° to 49° at 44°48'N, shallowing to ~28° at 44°1 1 'N. This is a well-determined result, given available a priori information, to a depth of ~7 km. The edge of the Siletz terrane may continue to descend at these dips to the JdF plate, but alternate geometries for the lowermost portion of the backstop are also consistent with the potential field data. The magnetic data also require progressive eastward demagnetization of the subducting JdF crust, which is most likely due to heating of the descending oceanic plate to the Curie temperature. Our southern transect reveals that Heceta Bank is cored by relatively high-density sediments (~2.54 g/cc), consistent with the model proposed by Kulm and Fowler (1974) for submarine bank formation in the Oregon convergent margin. On the basis of magnetic, gravity, and velocity data, we tentatively interpret a deeply buried, linear aseismic ridge to be present beneath the accretionary complex from about 45°N to 42°N. This ridge may collide with the backstop beneath Heceta Bank and may play a role, in concert with imbricate thrust faulting, in the formation of Heceta Bank's high density core. We also speculate that differences in depth to the JdF plate due to juxtaposition of different-aged crust across pseudofaults which intersect the coast at Nehalem and Heceta Banks may be a factor in the construction of these topographic highs.
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