Monitoring potato leafroll virus movement in differentially aged potato (Solanum tubersom L.) plants with an immunosorbent direct tissue blotting assay Public Deposited

http://ir.library.oregonstate.edu/concern/graduate_thesis_or_dissertations/hd76s3217

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  • Potato leafroll virus (PLRV) causes yield and quality losses in potato. PLRV is identified by plant symptoms and serological tests such as an enzyme-linked immunosorbent assay (ELISA). A similar serological test, direct tissue blotting assay (DTBA), was used to detect and monitor PLRV movement in field-inoculated Russet Burbank plants and plant tissues from Russet Burbank and Russet Norkotah seed tubers submitted by growers for winter certification tests. DTBA was as accurate as ELISA and easier to use for detecting tuber-perpetuated PLRV in stems and petioles of plants grown from grower-submitted seed tubers. ELISA detected twice as many PLRV positives as DTBA in leaflet tests. DTBA detected PLRV in tuber tissue but results matched ELISA in only 74% or less of the samples. Results of DTBA tuber tests were sometimes difficult to interpret while stem and petiole results were distinct and unambiguous. As inoculations were delayed later in the season and as plants matured, PLRV infection levels decreased sharply, most often within a two week period in early July. In same-age plants inoculated 43 days after planting but 18 days apart, early inoculation produced higher PLRV levels. Conversely, when same-age plants were inoculated 62 days after planting but 19 days apart, late inoculation produced higher PLRV levels. This discrepancy is not fully understood, but larger tuber size at the later inoculation probably produced a stronger sink for source-to-sink translocation of nutrients and phloem-limited viruses. Results of DTBA winter grow-out tests of summer-infected tubers approximated those of ELISA and visual inspections. Indirect DTBA testing of tubers utilizing stem and petiole tissues from winter growout plants detected more PLRV than directly testing tuber tissue 21 days post inoculation in summer. DTBA detected current season (primary) PLRV less reliably than secondary (tuber-borne) PLRV, similar to reported ELISA results. PLRV infection increased tuber numbers but decreased size. Size reduction was most evident in plants infected early in the season. Average tuber size in healthy plots was always larger than the average tuber size in infected plots. Within an infected plant, small tubers tended to be infected less often than large tubers.
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