The effect of vitamin B-6 supplementation on plant protein utilization in adults Public Deposited

http://ir.library.oregonstate.edu/concern/graduate_thesis_or_dissertations/hh63sz078

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  • We investigated the effect of pyridoxine supplementation on the utilization of protein in a low-protein, plant-based diet in four subjects (2 men and 2 women), aged 21 to 38 years. Following two days of a negligible protein diet, this 34 day study was divided into three dietary periods: the subjects received a low-protein, plant-based diet during period I for 10 days (no pyridoxine supplement), the same diet but with the addition of 50 mg pyridoxine HCl during period II for 7 days, and their self-chosen diets during period III for 15 days (no pyridoxine supplement). Data for period III will be reported elsewhere. The greatest portion of protein in the experimental diet was furnished by pinto beans (1.02 g nitrogen) and peanut butter (0.86 g nitrogen); nitrogen intake was kept constant at 4.56 g/d for the men and 4.15 g/d for the women during periods I and II. These diets administered during periods I and II provided 0.907 mg of vitamin B-6 for the men and 0.758 mg of vitamin B-6 for the women and was adequate in other nutrients except for protein. Overall, the effect of 50 mg pyridoxine HC1 supplementation on the utilization of protein in a low-protein plant-based diet was not statistically significant (p > 0.05) on the basis of a paired t-test for the parameters measured: nitrogen balance, apparent protein digestibility, as well as plasma and urinary urea nitrogen. Furthermore, we obtained conflicting results, when the subjects received pyridoxine, their plasma urea nitrogen increased slightly (suggesting increased protein degradation), while the percent of total urinary nitrogen excretion as urea nitrogen decreased (suggesting decreased protein degradation). These changes were not statistically significant, but limitations in the nitrogen balance technique and the analytical procedures we used may have contributed to these conflicting results. We suggest that a longer study with more subjects may show a greater improvement of plant protein utilization than we had observed.
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