An examination of terminal and instrumental values of selected Oregon State University students Public Deposited

http://ir.library.oregonstate.edu/concern/graduate_thesis_or_dissertations/hh63sz32m

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  • The purpose of this study was twofold; first, to identify the values held by Oregon State University students, and second, to determine if the values of OSU students are different from samples previously surveyed. A further purpose of the study was to develop baseline data on a cross-section of the OSU population. Form G of the Rokeach Value Survey was sent to 425 freshman and senior men and women. Subjects were selected by a computer generated random sample of the total population from Student Information System records. Three hundred eighty-six usable responses (86%) were returned and used in the data analysis. Chi-square with Yates correction was used to determine the significance of specific value differences between each of the comparison groups. In addition, the Kruskal-Wallace H test was applied to hypotheses 3-7 where original data was available. No differences were found to exist on the specific levels between the two test results. Data analysis was accomplished using a personal computer and the Lotus 1-2-3 software package. Twelve null hypotheses concerning differences in median rankings of terminal values (end-states of existence) and instrumental values (preferred modes of conduct) were tested. The results of the study provided a profile of the current OSU student population. Conclusions: current freshman women differ from those reported in 1972; current freshman men and women have similar terminal values, but differ on their instrumental values; current senior men and women differ on terminal value placement, but have highly similar instrumental values; current freshmen differ on both terminal and instrumental values from the national norms; current seniors differ from the national norms on terminal values, but are similar on instrumental values; current OSU students differ from the national norms for college students on both the terminal and instrumental values scales. In regard to specific values, OSU students value health, self-respect and true friendship as end-states of existence and honest, responsible and loving as preferred modes of conduct.
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