Log cabin construction techniques in western Siskiyou County, 1850-1935 : their function and ethnic origins Public Deposited

http://ir.library.oregonstate.edu/concern/graduate_thesis_or_dissertations/ht24wm92v

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  • Under the sponsorship of the Klamath National Forest, 25 log cabins which were built in western Siskiyou County between 1850 and 1937 were located and studied. First, 11 exterior dimensions of these cabins were selected, measured and recorded. Then 26 building elements were identified for the purpose of finding whether there was a relationship between the exterior attributes of these structures and the occupation of their builders. Four major builder occupations were identified: (1) placer mining, (2) hardrock mining, (3) homesteading, and (4) ranching. It was hypothesized that there is a correlation between these builder occupations and the exterior attributes of the cabins. A forward stepwise discriminant analysis was performed on the parametric variables. None of the 11 variables met the default criteria to enter (i.e., F=.15). Hence the null hypothesis that there is a relationship between the occupation of the builder and the exterior variables of the log cabins was confirmed. The 26 categorical variables which were used to classify the cabins were crosstabulated against the occupation of the builders. The results indicated that only four nominal variables discriminated between the builder occupation groups. A predictive model for classifying cabins on the basis of these four variables is presented. A second hypothesis was proposed to examine the relationship between log cabin construction elements and the builder's ethnic background. Data collected on building variables was compared with those ethnic traits described by other log cabin researchers. From this comparison an index of ethnic trait compatibility was produced which demonstrated the strength of relationship between builder's background and cabin construction variables.
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