A study of the relationship between a cloze and a word opposite reading vocabulary placement instrument designed for adults Public Deposited

http://ir.library.oregonstate.edu/concern/graduate_thesis_or_dissertations/hx11xh93c

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  • The purpose of this study was to determine the accuracy of placing adults in reading materials based on scores from a word-opposite test. The population was randomly selected from students attending developmental education classes at three Oregon community colleges. The Word Opposite Reading Placement Instrument (WOPI) was derived from a list of progressively difficult words based on the frequency of occurrence in adult word lists; and cloze passages based on Miller and Coleman's study were developed. The sample population in learning center reading or writing or ABE/GED/AHSD classes were administered the WOPI and the cloze. The effectiveness of the WOPI in placing students in reading material they can comprehend was examined and some recommendations were made. There is no significant difference between the score on the WOPI and the cloze passage. Hypothesis one was rejected. There was no significant demographic differences and those six hypotheses were retained. There is no significant difference between scoring the cloze with exact replacement and synonyms. Hypothesis eight was rejected. The findings of this study indicate that informal instruments might be used to predict a student's reading level and more research should be done in adult reading. However, the use of cloze with adult disadvantaged readers is not recommended. It appears that there are no differences between the populations enrolled in the learning center and ABE/GED/AHSD programs and there might be artificial division of the classes. Further investigation of the use of informal instruments and synonym scored cloze should be done.
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  • File scanned at 300 ppi (Monochrome) using Capture Perfect 3.0.82 on a Canon DR-9080C in PDF format. CVista PdfCompressor 4.0 was used for pdf compression and textual OCR.
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