The effects of group counseling on selected attitudes of economically disadvantaged high school age youth in a residential setting Public Deposited

http://ir.library.oregonstate.edu/concern/graduate_thesis_or_dissertations/hx11xk17z

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  • The purpose this study was to determine how group counseling influenced attitudes of low-income youth toward self, others, and society. The subjects, all high school age, were participants in an education program held on a college campus during the 1970 regular collegiate summer session. They lived in a residence hall and attended morning and afternoon classes. Two group counseling methods were employed. Group I was content oriented with subjects watching films dealing with human relationships. Counselor-led discussion was limited to the assumed intentions and behavior of the characters portrayed on film. In Group II the subjects and counselor interacted with respect to human relationships within the group. Group III, the control, had no counseling but met for group recreational activities. Three hypotheses were tested. 1. There will be a significant change in attitudes toward self, others, and society between the experimental content counseling group and the control group after 13 counseling sessions. 2. There will be a significant change in attitudes toward self, others, and society between the experimental process counseling group and the control group after 13 counseling sessions. 3. There will be no significant difference in attitudes toward self, others, and society between the content and process counseling groups after 13 counseling sessions. The sample consisted of 60 subjects who were randomly selected from the 93 students enrolled in the project. Two experimental groups and the control were formed from the sample. Complete pre-test and post-test results were obtained from 45 subjects. The Tennessee Self Concept Scale and a Semantic Differential were administered to the subjects. Group pre-test and post-test results for each instrument were analyzed by a fixed-two-way analysis of variance, as were differences among the three groups. Hypotheses one and two were not supported since no significant differences were found in the results. Hypothesis three was upheld, although without meaning since all three groups were not significantly different. All groups dropped significantly on the Semantic Differential concept, I AM. The effects of group counseling on the attitudes of economically disadvantaged youth was not determined by this study. Recommendations 1. Increase the number and length of counseling sessions. Perhaps include a weekend session away from the campus. 2. Include a follow-up study. 3. Add a second control group not part of the residential program. 4. Establish counselor effectiveness prior to another study. 5. Compare mean change of subjects counseled in a group with those counseled individually. 6. Counselees and counselor establish mutually agreed upon desired individual behavioral changes prior to counseling. 7. Find an instrument that measures more subtle changes in attitudes.
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  • File scanned at 300 ppi (Monochrome) using Capture Perfect 3.0 on a Canon DR-9050C in PDF format. CVista PdfCompressor 4.0 was used for pdf compression and textual OCR.
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