|Abstract or Summary
The major purpose of this study was to investigate the effects
of self concept upon parent-adolescent communication patterns.
Parental self concepts and the self concepts of their adolescent along
with the adolescent's perceived quality of communication with their
parents were examined to determine if (1) the parents' self concepts
have a significant effect upon the adolescent's perceived communication
with his parents, (2) the adolescent's self concept has a
significant effect upon his perceived communication with his parents,
(3) gender has a significant effect upon perceived communication
patterns, and (4) the self concepts of the parents have a significant
effect upon the self concept of the adolescent.
The population consisted of 18 year old male and female
university freshmen from two-parent, middle socioeconomic class
families. A random sample of these students were assumed to be
present in the lower division personal health classes at Oregon
State University, Corvallis, Oregon. A total of 152 adolescents
and their respective parents comprised the sample for the study.
Names, addresses, and demographic data were obtained from
an information questionnaire. The adolescents were given The
Tennessee Self Concept Scale and The Parent-Adolescent Communication
Inventory to obtain measurements of self concept and perceived
communication with parents respectively. Parents were mailed a
Letter of Explanation and The Tennessee Self Concept Scale.
Sample return comprised 89.4 percent. The Total Positive Scores
from the TSCS were categorized into quartiles labeled high,
medium-high, medium-low, and low self concept. The data were
subjected to two and three-way analysis of variance factoral designs.
The factors were fixed and the cell sizes were unequal.
1. Combined parental self concept seems to have had no
effect upon the adolescent's perceived communication with parents.
2.The adolescent's self concept appears to have had a
significant effect upon his perceived communication with parents at
the .01 level. Those adolescents who had low self concept perceived
communication with their parents as significantly more nonconstructive
than those adolescents who had higher self concepts.
3. There was no significant difference between adolescent
males and females in their perceived communication with their
4. The mother's self concept appeared to significantly
influence her daughter's perceived communication with her parents
at the .05 level. Medium-low self concept mothers had daughters
who perceived communication with their parents as significantly
more non-constructive than daughters of high and medium-high
self concept mothers.
5. The father's self concept did not appear to affect his
daughter's perceived communication with parents.
6. Neither the mother's nor the father's self concept seemed
to have any effect upon the son's perceived communication with
7. Even when controlled for sex, the self concepts of the
parents had no measurable effect upon their adolescent's self
Discussion of the findings included suggestions for study
replication with design variations including controls for mother's
educational level and specific changes in procedure and instruments.
Consideration was given to the possibility of sex role influences
upon communication patterns. Implications for education,
especially in the areas of human sexuality and family living as
well as for family counselors in experimental and applied areas,