Gender differences and level of aspiration as factors in tennis skill performance of college students Public Deposited

http://ir.library.oregonstate.edu/concern/graduate_thesis_or_dissertations/jd473163r

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  • Level of aspiration plays a part in achievement motivation which supports teaching/learning in motor performances. In the past, females reported poorer ability in performances, set lower levels of aspiration, and had lesser achievement motives than males (Crandall, 1969; Stein & Bailey, 1973; Sumner & Johnson, 1949). Some researchers found there were no gender differences in performance and aspiration levels (Kearney, 1984; Gill, Gross, Huddleston, & Shifflett, 1984). The purpose of this study was to determine if differential relationships existed in levels of aspiration and tennis backboard test performance for males and females, to determine the effects of aspiration setting on performance between two experimental groups, and to investigate the goal discrepancy scores between males and females in the aspiration group. A total of 28 males and 19 females were divided into two groups: aspiration setting and non-aspiration setting. They were classified as intermediate tennis players. The Hewitt Tennis Backboard Test (1965) was given to all males and females in both the experimental and control groups. Levels of aspiration were set only by the experimental group. These performance tests and aspiration settings were repeated four times. The control group was asked to perform only the performance test. All subjects were given knowledge of previous results. Five performance test scores and four level of aspiration scores from the experimental group, and five performance test scores from the control group were collected during a period of five weeks. All data were treated by analysis of variance. The results indicated that there were no significant gender differences on the tennis performance score, aspiration setting score, and goal discrepancy score in the aspiration setting group. There were, however, statistically gender differences on performance scores in the non-aspiration setting group. There were no significant differences in performance scores between the experimental and control groups. In contrast to the previous research studies, the above findings showed there were no gender differences on performance and level of aspiration, and no differences between aspiration setting and nonaspiration setting groups on performance scores. However, there were gender differences in performance in the non-aspiration setting group.
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  • 1987
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