Individual Differences in Intuitive Risk Judgments Public Deposited

http://ir.library.oregonstate.edu/concern/graduate_thesis_or_dissertations/jh343z15c

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  • The present research sought to investigate individual differences in the way individuals process intuitive risk judgments. The present investigation is centered on Fuzzy Trace Theory (Brainerd & Reyna, 1991), a developmental dual process theory of cognition which posits two ways in which individuals process information, gist and verbatim processing. 228 participants completed a battery of self-report personality measures as well as an intuitive risk judgment task that required participants to judge a particular situation as either a “good” or “bad” idea to engage in. Response times to the risk judgments were recorded and used in conjunction with actual responses and used to operationalize gist and verbatim processing. This operationalization was then correlated with other theoretically relevant measures of personality in order to demonstrate convergent validity. Results indicated differential support for the convergent validity of our gist and verbatim operationalization. Response times were related to risk-taking propensity, and personality traits such as honesty humility, and impulsivity. These findings provide some clarity to theoretical presumptions made by Fuzzy Trace Theory while providing a potentially useful operationalization of gist and verbatim processing. Keywords: Fuzzy Trace Theory, personality, response times
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