Self/ideal value congruence and its relationship to self-actualization and counseling effectiveness among selected counselor trainees Public Deposited

http://ir.library.oregonstate.edu/concern/graduate_thesis_or_dissertations/jm214r14q

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  • The purpose of this study was to examine the extent to which personal values congruence and self-actualization related to the question of counselor effectiveness. The subjects consisted of the 20 Oregon State University graduate students enrolled in the counseling practicum class fall term, 1972, at Oregon State University. Most of those selected attained the degree of Master of Education in Counseling and Guidance after approximately one year of training and evidence of competencies. The Simmons Value Survey, Q-Sort Form, was chosen to measure personal values. Self-actualization levels were determined by the Personal Orientation Inventory, and supervisor ratings of counselor effectiveness were obtained by use of the Facilitative Interpersonal Functioning Scale. These instruments and ratings provided data regarding the following questions as posed in this study: 1. Is there a positive relationship between a counselor's self/ideal value congruence and quality of counseling effectiveness? 2. Is there a positive relationship between a counselor's self/ideal value congruence and degree of self-actualization? 3. Is there a positive relationship between the degree of self-actualization and quality of counseling effectiveness? 4. Is there a positive relationship between the quality of a counselor's effectiveness and specific value content? 5. Is there a positive relationship between a counselor's degree of self-actualization and specific value content? Pearson Product Moment Correlation Coefficients were calculated for questions one, two, and three, and an F-ratio was used to test for a curvilinear relationship on question one. The Fisher Exact Probability Test was applied to questions one, four, and five. The .05 level of significance was chosen throughout the study. Findings of this study: 1. A significant positive relationship was established between self/ ideal value congruence and counselor effectiveness. Though not statistically significant, a trend toward curvilinearity was suggested. 2. No statistically significant relationship was established between self/ideal value congruence and self-actualization. A small negative correlation suggested that some counselors possessing higher self/ideal correlations scored slightly lower in self-actualization. 3. No statistically significant relationship was established between self-actualization and counselor effectiveness. 4. No statistically significant relationship was established between specific value content and counselor effectiveness. However, several specific values of counselor trainees who were rated more facilitative by their supervisors varied in distribution from values of counselor trainees who were rated less facilitative by their supervisors. 5. No statistically significant relationship was established between specific value content and self-actualization. In essence, the results of this study support the inclusion of an investigation of personal values for counselor trainees, and suggest that values clarification could contribute to development of counselor effectiveness in counselor training.
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