Essays on the use of distance functions in empirical studies : efficiency measurement and beyond Public Deposited

http://ir.library.oregonstate.edu/concern/graduate_thesis_or_dissertations/jq085n22x

Descriptions

Attribute NameValues
Creator
Abstract or Summary
  • This dissertation explores the intricacies associated with the use of distance functions in empirical studies. It focuses on the measurement of advertising efficiency and investigates the properties of the models that seek to approximate the abatement costs of socially undesirable outputs. The first manuscript is devoted to the development of the algorithm that can be used to measure the efficiency with which firms market their brands in the presence of advertising by rivals. An empirical illustration is carried out using the data from the U.S. brewing industry. The second study analyzes the difficulties associated with the accurate approximation of the abatement costs of socially undesirable outputs. It contrasts the results from a variety of different shadow-pricing models, each of which relies on a different type of distance functions that are used to approximate the polluting technology. The shadow prices of sulfur dioxide are computed using linear programming techniques and the data from the U.S. electric utility industry. The third manuscript shows how a generalized method of moments (GMM) algorithm can be used to estimate the parameters of certain types of distance functions; the empirical illustration is carried out using the data set from the second study. The first manuscript illustrates that advertising spillovers are important in brewing and shows that the estimates of marketing efficiency are inaccurate when spillover effects are present and ignored. The second study shows that the shadow price estimates of socially undesirable outputs are not invariant to the assumptions regarding the parametric form of production technology and can in fact be predetermined by selecting a specific model. Finally, the third study established the legitimacy of the GMM procedure as a choice of an algorithm for the shadow pricing of undesirable outputs.
Resource Type
Date Available
Date Copyright
Date Issued
Degree Level
Degree Name
Degree Field
Degree Grantor
Commencement Year
Advisor
Academic Affiliation
Non-Academic Affiliation
Subject
Rights Statement
Peer Reviewed
Language
Digitization Specifications
  • File scanned at 300 ppi (Monochrome) using ScandAll PRO 1.8.1 on a Fi-6670 in PDF format. CVista PdfCompressor 4.0 was used for pdf compression and textual OCR.
Replaces
Additional Information
  • description.provenance : Submitted by Kaylee Patterson (patterka@onid.orst.edu) on 2012-04-03T21:20:32Z No. of bitstreams: 1 VardanyanMikayel2005.pdf: 656413 bytes, checksum: 14ec6ac90f85ea5976c205de928a7353 (MD5)
  • description.provenance : Approved for entry into archive by Patricia Black(patricia.black@oregonstate.edu) on 2012-04-13T16:33:30Z (GMT) No. of bitstreams: 1 VardanyanMikayel2005.pdf: 656413 bytes, checksum: 14ec6ac90f85ea5976c205de928a7353 (MD5)
  • description.provenance : Approved for entry into archive by Patricia Black(patricia.black@oregonstate.edu) on 2012-04-13T16:38:02Z (GMT) No. of bitstreams: 1 VardanyanMikayel2005.pdf: 656413 bytes, checksum: 14ec6ac90f85ea5976c205de928a7353 (MD5)
  • description.provenance : Made available in DSpace on 2012-04-13T16:38:02Z (GMT). No. of bitstreams: 1 VardanyanMikayel2005.pdf: 656413 bytes, checksum: 14ec6ac90f85ea5976c205de928a7353 (MD5) Previous issue date: 2005-05-20

Relationships

In Administrative Set:
Last modified: 08/03/2017

Downloadable Content

Download PDF
Citations:

EndNote | Zotero | Mendeley

Items