Development and validation of an instrument to assess the organizational climate in community colleges Public Deposited

http://ir.library.oregonstate.edu/concern/graduate_thesis_or_dissertations/jq085n84x

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  • The purpose of this study was to develop a valid and reliable instrument to measure the organizational climate of the community college as perceived by community college administrators, faculty, and classified staff. There were three phases in this study. The first was to develop a pool of test items based on the review of related literature. This phase consisted of generating, validating, and revising test items for the pilot test. The second phase of the study, the pilot test, consisted of assessing an entire community college staff in Washington State. All levels and areas of the college were represented in the test. The sample consisted of 11 administrators, 40 full-time faculty members, and 40 full-time classified staff members. An interview of a random sample of the group obtained a second view of the questionnaire. The items were subjected to an item analysis for internal consistency, and 42 of the 83 items were selected for the field test instrument. The field test was the final phase. Three community colleges in Washington State were utilized. The population consisted of 238 respondents from all levels and areas of the colleges. The response rate was 35 per cent. The results were analyzed to determine reliability of the instrument and to reduce the instrument length if possible. Consistency in responses was expected in three major areas: units of the college, positions within the college, and between colleges themselves. Differences were expected among the seven concepts. Differences in concept means were found only among the seven concepts. The instrument is reliable and valid. Individuals interviewed all expressed interest in establishing positive, productive working climates. All four community college presidents interviewed expressed a desire to assess the climate of their organizations. There are not the financial resources to accomplish lengthy assessment projects; therefore, the 35-item instrument that resulted from this study could be administered to a community college to assess the organizational climate as the first step in establishing a productive organization.
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