Duration and rate of the grain filling period and subsequent grain yield in crosses between facultative and winter wheat cultivars (Triticum aestivum L. em Thell) Public Deposited

http://ir.library.oregonstate.edu/concern/graduate_thesis_or_dissertations/jq085p27h

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  • Concerns about the genetic control and environmental influence of various stages of development including the grain filling period, and the relationship between early maturity and grain yield prompted this study. The experimental material consisted of two facultative and two winter wheat cultivars. A dial!el cross, excluding reciprocals, was also developed to provide an Fl generation. Information was collected for 14 traits and subjected to statistical analyses. Genetic differences among varieties were found for time of heading, flowering and physiological maturity, duration and rate of the grain filling period, grain yield and yield components. The facultative types, AI Feng 2 and Selection CB 83-52, showed earlier heading, flowering and physiological maturity, longer lag period (period between heading and flowering), and longer duration and lower rate of grain filling, resulting in lower grain yield. The winter cultivars, Stephens and Yamhill Dwarf, in contrast had later heading, flowering and maturity, shorter lag period, and shorter duration and higher rate of grain filling, giving higher grain yield. For the developmental stages after heading, larger differences were observed in the lag period while differences in duration of grain filling period were relatively small among the cultivars. Depending on the specific Fl population, there was a tendency toward dominance for early heading, a range from no to complete dominance for early flowering and no dominance for physiological maturity. Long duration and fast rate of grain filling were generally dominant. Grain yield was positively associated with the number of days to heading, flowering and physiological maturity. Also positive associations of grain yield were obtained with tiller number, kernel weight, grain weight per spike, biological yield and rate of grain filling. Negative associations of grain yield were noted with lag period and duration of grain filling period. No clear associations between physiological maturity and the yield components were found. Grain filling duration showed no association with yield components while grain filling rate exhibited positive association with tiller number and kernel weight. There was negative association between duration and rate of grain filling period. According to heading responses from different planting dates, Stephens and Yamhill Dwarf had high sensitivity while Selection CB 83- 52 and AI Feng 2 showed low sensitivity to vernalization. Genotype X environment interaction was observed with each cultivar responding differently for several traits depending on the planting dates.
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