Sex-role identity differences as a function of place of residence of male college students Public Deposited

http://ir.library.oregonstate.edu/concern/graduate_thesis_or_dissertations/js956k81h

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  • The purpose of this investigation was to determine whether sex-role identification differences among college students were related to place of residence, and if so, whether certain factors affect these differences. Six hypotheses were developed. The study sought to ascertain if sex-role identification is related to certain dimensions of peer association found within the type of living group -- involvement, independence, traditional social orientation, or competition. Two research questions were also posed. These dealt with the relationship between sex-role identification and academic achievement, and between sex-role identification and intellectuality found within the four kinds of living units. The subjects were 267 sophomore male college students who resided in single-sex residence halls, coed residence halls, fraternities, or off-campus housing. Responses to the Bem Sex Role Inventory were used to measure the degree to which the individual viewed himself in a masculine sex-role. Selected subscales of the University Residence Environment Scale were used to assess relevant dimensions of peer association within the student's living group. The six hypotheses were tested using analysis of variance and Pearson product moment correlation. The results showed: 1. No significant difference was found in sex-role identification among sophomore men living in a single-sex residence hall, coed residence hall, fraternity, or off-campus residence. 2. Fraternity members were significantly more involved in group social and academic activities within their living unit than men residing in single-sex residence halls, coed residence halls, or off-campus residences. 3. Fraternity members were significantly less independent within their living group than men in the other three types of living groups. 4. Men living off-campus and in coed residence halls were significantly less oriented socially, in a traditional sense, than men residing in single-sex residence halls or fraternities. 5. Men residing in off-campus housing were significantly less competitive within their living environment than men in the other three types of living groups. 6. Several significant relationships between sex-role identification and certain dimensions of peer association were evident within the living group environment. 7. No significant difference existed between sexrole identification of men in any of the four types of living groups and the peer association dimensions of academic achievement and intellectuality. 8. Further analyses of data indicated additional peer association relationships at varying levels of intensity and significance. The results of this study indicate the need for an understanding from student services staff concerning sexrole identification development among college males and the various peer association factors affecting this development found within particular living groups. In order to provide for an optimum college experience, it is important that staff in living units be attuned to those peer association factors which are not only influencing sexrole identification, but also other areas of student development such as social orientation, scholastic achievement and extracurricular activities.
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