|Abstract or Summary
- The purpose of this investigation was to determine whether sex-role
identification differences among college students were related to place
of residence, and if so, whether certain factors affect these
differences. Six hypotheses were developed. The study sought to
ascertain if sex-role identification is related to certain dimensions of
peer association found within the type of living group -- involvement,
independence, traditional social orientation, or competition. Two
research questions were also posed. These dealt with the relationship
between sex-role identification and academic achievement, and between
sex-role identification and intellectuality found within the four kinds
of living units. The subjects were 267 sophomore male college students
who resided in single-sex residence halls, coed residence halls,
fraternities, or off-campus housing.
Responses to the Bem Sex Role Inventory were used to measure the
degree to which the individual viewed himself in a masculine sex-role.
Selected subscales of the University Residence Environment Scale were
used to assess relevant dimensions of peer association within the
student's living group. The six hypotheses were tested using analysis
of variance and Pearson product moment correlation.
The results showed:
1. No significant difference was found in sex-role identification among
sophomore men living in a single-sex residence hall, coed residence
hall, fraternity, or off-campus residence.
2. Fraternity members were significantly more involved in group social
and academic activities within their living unit than men residing in
single-sex residence halls, coed residence halls, or off-campus
3. Fraternity members were significantly less independent within their
living group than men in the other three types of living groups.
4. Men living off-campus and in coed residence halls were significantly
less oriented socially, in a traditional sense, than men residing in
single-sex residence halls or fraternities.
5. Men residing in off-campus housing were significantly less
competitive within their living environment than men in the other three
types of living groups.
6. Several significant relationships between sex-role identification
and certain dimensions of peer association were evident within the
living group environment.
7. No significant difference existed between sexrole identification of
men in any of the four types of living groups and the peer association
dimensions of academic achievement and intellectuality.
8. Further analyses of data indicated additional peer association
relationships at varying levels of intensity and significance.
The results of this study indicate the need for an understanding
from student services staff concerning sexrole identification
development among college males and the various peer association factors
affecting this development found within particular living groups. In
order to provide for an optimum college experience, it is important that
staff in living units be attuned to those peer association factors which
are not only influencing sexrole identification, but also other areas
of student development such as social orientation, scholastic
achievement and extracurricular activities.