Lichen Functional Trait Variation Along an East-West Climatic Gradient in Oregon and Among Habitats in Katmai National Park, Alaska Public Deposited

http://ir.library.oregonstate.edu/concern/graduate_thesis_or_dissertations/jw827f24x

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  • Functional traits of vascular plants have been an important component of ecological studies for a number of years; however, in more recent times vascular plant ecologists have begun to formalize a set of key traits and universal system of trait measurement. Many recent studies hypothesize global generality of trait patterns, which would allow for comparison among ecosystems and biomes and provide a foundation for general rules and theories, the so-called “Holy Grail” of ecology. However, the majority of these studies focus on functional trait patterns of vascular plants, with a minority examining the patterns of cryptograms such as lichens. Lichens are an important component of many ecosystems due to their contributions to biodiversity and their key ecosystem services, such as contributions to mineral and hydrological cycles and ecosystem food webs. Lichens are also of special interest because of their reliance on atmospheric deposition for nutrients and water, which makes them particularly sensitive to air pollution. Therefore, they are often used as bioindicators of air pollution, climate change, and general ecosystem health. This thesis examines the functional trait patterns of lichens in two contrasting regions with fundamentally different kinds of data. To better understand the patterns of lichen functional traits, we examined reproductive, morphological, and chemical trait variation along precipitation and temperature gradients in Oregon. Specifically, we measured traits of 102 macrolichen species collected from 166 USDA Forest Service program for Forest Inventory and Analysis (FIA) plots. These plots were located in a more-or-less continuous swath across Oregon between 43°W and 45°W. Plots were grouped into seven regions (the Oregon Coast, Coast Range, Willamette Valley, Western Cascades, High Cascades, Eastern Cascades, and Eastern Oregon). Using multivariate analysis techniques we found strong linear and nonlinear trait patterns along precipitation and temperature gradients, and were able to characterize the seven main regions of Oregon by the relative abundance of lichen traits. The literature on what lichen traits are most common in which habitats is sparse and anecdotal; understanding trait-habitat patterns could have management implications due to lichen importance as bioindicators and animal forage. Understanding how key traits are distributed among habitats could provide insight into potential air pollution impacts on certain habitats, animal movement among habitats, etc. To examine trait-habitat patterns, we measured the reproductive, morphological, and chemical traits of 429 lichen species collected haphazardly (without a formal sampling framework) from ten distinct habitats within Katmai National Park in southwest Alaska as part of a taxonomic inventory. Using multivariate analysis techniques we grouped habitats based on the expression of lichen traits and described the relative abundance of each trait in different habitats. The second goal of this study was to examine the potential usefulness of herbarium collections in ecological studies of this type. Herbarium specimens are a large potential resource that is generally unused in ecological studies due to concerns over potential bias and noise introduced by variation in collection methods. However, recent work has suggested that herbarium specimens may yield more useful results than previously thought and could be a valid resource for ecological studies. The data for our study were collected in a haphazard manner for a floristic inventory, similar to the collection methods used for many herbarium specimens. The patterns that we observed indicates that herbarium specimens may be a good resource for future research.
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  • description.provenance : Submitted by Kaleigh Spickerman (spickerk@onid.orst.edu) on 2015-07-10T20:16:52Z No. of bitstreams: 2 SpickermanKaleigh2016.pdf: 6411268 bytes, checksum: 08dfdecd083e3a45507d6e320dfa5150 (MD5) license_rdf: 1232 bytes, checksum: bb87e2fb4674c76d0d2e9ed07fbb9c86 (MD5)
  • description.provenance : Approved for entry into archive by Julie Kurtz(julie.kurtz@oregonstate.edu) on 2015-07-10T20:54:02Z (GMT) No. of bitstreams: 2 SpickermanKaleigh2016.pdf: 6411268 bytes, checksum: 08dfdecd083e3a45507d6e320dfa5150 (MD5) license_rdf: 1232 bytes, checksum: bb87e2fb4674c76d0d2e9ed07fbb9c86 (MD5)
  • description.provenance : Submitted by Kaleigh Spickerman (spickerk@onid.orst.edu) on 2015-07-03T22:46:20Z No. of bitstreams: 2 license_rdf: 1232 bytes, checksum: bb87e2fb4674c76d0d2e9ed07fbb9c86 (MD5) SpickermanKaleigh2016.pdf: 7641826 bytes, checksum: 8f5f6d5beeb0aa8af0bb31211b53b46a (MD5)
  • description.provenance : Approved for entry into archive by Laura Wilson(laura.wilson@oregonstate.edu) on 2015-07-10T21:23:31Z (GMT) No. of bitstreams: 2 SpickermanKaleigh2016.pdf: 6411268 bytes, checksum: 08dfdecd083e3a45507d6e320dfa5150 (MD5) license_rdf: 1232 bytes, checksum: bb87e2fb4674c76d0d2e9ed07fbb9c86 (MD5)
  • description.provenance : Rejected by Julie Kurtz(julie.kurtz@oregonstate.edu), reason: Rejecting for the following reasons - 1) The title on the Abstract page doesn't match the title on the Title page, sorry I missed that when checking your pretext pages. Abstract title ...Gradient in Oregon and Among Habitats... Title page ...Gradient in Oregon and between Habitats... 2) Contribution of Authors change the single space to the same spacing used in the actual thesis. 3) Page 20 is blank, is there something missing? If not, remove the page and renumber. 4) If possible turn your landscape pages so they read better. Everything else looks good and you have made the deadline. Once revised, log back into ScholarsArchive and go to the upload page. Replace the attached file with the revised PDF and resubmit. Thanks, Julie on 2015-07-07T20:44:25Z (GMT)
  • description.provenance : Made available in DSpace on 2015-07-10T21:23:31Z (GMT). No. of bitstreams: 2 SpickermanKaleigh2016.pdf: 6411268 bytes, checksum: 08dfdecd083e3a45507d6e320dfa5150 (MD5) license_rdf: 1232 bytes, checksum: bb87e2fb4674c76d0d2e9ed07fbb9c86 (MD5) Previous issue date: 2015-06-11

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