- Thirty-four current worksite health promotion programs were
studied in order to obtain comprehensive information about various components
involved in the planning, implementation, and evaluation of existing
programs, and to acquire the necessary data to develop a theory and corresponding
hypotheses pertaining to successful worksite health promotion
programs. The case study method was achieved through semi-structured
personal interviews with a corporate representative from each company.
A survey form instrument developed in 1982 by Janet A. Fuchs was used
as a format for the individual interviews.
A wide range of size and type companies were among the sample
worksite health promotion programs. Program elements and processes
were described both individually and collectively for the thirty-four companies
in the following areas: general reasons for offering a program; deciding
factors leading to specific topics; methods, materials, facilities, and
resources used; scheduling, eligibility criteria, staffing, financing, planning,
and implementation of the program; publicizing and encouraging participation;
data base and evaluative measurement criteria; and problems in implementation
of the program. Common program elements, processes, and
problems were seen across all companies, as well as areas of more diversity.
Some program aspects appeared to vary by the size or the type
of company, and some common factors seemed to relate to the worksetting.
A theory of the significant components incorporated in a successful
worksite health promotion program evolved from this study, and a series
of directional hypotheses were put forth.
Recommendations for future research on worksite health promotion
programs address experimental study designs, program components, program
methodologies, data base utilization, and evaluative measurement criteria.
Recommendations for Education and Industry include coordinating
their efforts in developing and implementing worksite health promotion
programs and training the appropriate personnel. Education recommendations
involve professional preparation curriculum and continuing education
for health education and health promotion at the worksite, and in the management
of a comprehensive health promotion program for employees. Industry
recommendations involve the planning and assessment stages of program
design. A training specialty for a Health Educator at the worksite,
and a well-defined role in the business world, was strongly recommended.