Poverty and child neglect : subtypes of neglect and stress as a mediator Public Deposited

http://ir.library.oregonstate.edu/concern/graduate_thesis_or_dissertations/jw827f89r

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  • This study examined the association between poverty and child neglect. The existence of a general association has been established for some time. However, there is much debate, and little detailed research, on the specific processes that create this association. This study focused on the form of neglect that involves the most health risk for children—physical neglect. It was hypothesized that poverty should increase the likelihood of a specific type of physical neglect, neglect of safety and basic needs, occurring more than other types. Using official child protective services data from a national data set three types of physical neglect were examined: abandonment, lack of safety or basic needs, and inadequate supervision. Hypothesis 1 was that poverty increases the odds of safety/basic needs neglect more than it influences the odds of either abandonment neglect or inadequate supervision neglect, controlling for prior neglect. Hypothesis 2 focused on a test of whether the link between poverty and physical neglect is not direct, but is instead mediated by caregiver stress. Three waves of longitudinal data were used for this test to establish causal time order between poverty and stress, and between stress and physical neglect. This study analyzed data from the Longitudinal Studies of Child Abuse and Neglect (LONGSCAN), Assessments 0-3 from the National Data Archive on Child Abuse and Neglect at Cornell University. The data was analyzed using multinominal logistic regression for both models. The results did not confirm Hypothesis 1, though the analysis was limited somewhat due to low frequencies of some physical neglect types in certain age groups. Hypothesis 2 was confirmed showing that the effect of poverty on physical neglect was completely mediated by caregiver stress for the abandonment and safety/basic needs types of physical neglect. Implications of the results for research on the effects of poverty on child neglect, and for preventing child neglect are discussed.
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  • description.provenance : Approved for entry into archive by Julie Kurtz(julie.kurtz@oregonstate.edu) on 2012-04-18T18:40:06Z (GMT) No. of bitstreams: 1 Shepherd, Jennifer2012.pdf: 458113 bytes, checksum: 146b97bb80c5c7f6f588fddc06a8e779 (MD5)
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  • description.provenance : Submitted by Patricia Black (patricia.black@oregonstate.edu) on 2012-04-18T16:46:16Z No. of bitstreams: 1 Shepherd, Jennifer2012.pdf: 458113 bytes, checksum: 146b97bb80c5c7f6f588fddc06a8e779 (MD5)
  • description.provenance : Made available in DSpace on 2012-04-19T16:05:07Z (GMT). No. of bitstreams: 1 Shepherd, Jennifer2012.pdf: 458113 bytes, checksum: 146b97bb80c5c7f6f588fddc06a8e779 (MD5) Previous issue date: 2012-03-22

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