Community structure of old-growth Juniperus occidentalis woodlands Public Deposited

http://ir.library.oregonstate.edu/concern/graduate_thesis_or_dissertations/jw827h46c

Descriptions

Attribute NameValues
Creator
Abstract or Summary
  • Knowledge of old-growth Juniperus occidentalis woodlands, which occur in central and eastern Oregon, is limited. Wise management of these woodlands necessitates a better understanding of the community ecology. The community structure of woodlands at seven sites in three areas of central Oregon was studied. Measurements taken at nine plots per site included tree density, canopy cover, heights, diameters, and canopy areas; cover of each understory species and other ground covers; density of shrubs by species and condition; density of woody debris as downed pieces and standing dead trees; and topographic and soil parameters. Tree cores were taken for aging, although heartwood rot is pervasive in older trees. Factors of interest included cover and richness in all vegetative layers, variability within and between sites, and comparison of J. occidentalis woodlands to other old-growth communities. J. occidentalis woodlands were found to have a minimum of 80 trees over 200 years old per hectare, canopy cover of 10-35%, and understory cover of less than 20%. Woody detritus was primarily retained aloft and decomposed by weathering. Tree morphology was highly variable, but decadence was common. Outward physical attributes did not appear to be reliable predictors of tree age. Shrub cover was strongly correlated (r²=0.66) with the combination of elevation, ground cover by rock, and clay content of the soil. Perennial grass cover increased with elevation and the sand-sized soil fraction (r²=0.46). Understory cover, dominated by perennial grass, showed a weaker correlation with the same parameters (r²=0.20). Other significant findings included correlation of juniper cover with elevation, sand. and heat load (r²=0.38). Tree cover was found to increase by almost 1% for each 1% increase in sand content of the soil and by almost 8% for each 100m increase in elevation, while heat load, based on aspect. had a smaller effect. Plots grouped strongly by area. suggesting that there is a stronger influence of area than site on community composition for most of the sites and that differences between areas overwhelm the differences within areas.
Resource Type
Date Available
Date Copyright
Date Issued
Degree Level
Degree Name
Degree Field
Degree Grantor
Commencement Year
Advisor
Academic Affiliation
Non-Academic Affiliation
Subject
Rights Statement
Peer Reviewed
Language
Digitization Specifications
  • File scanned at 300 ppi (Monochrome, 24-bit Color) using ScandAll PRO 1.8.1 on a Fi-6770A in PDF format. CVista PdfCompressor 4.0 was used for pdf compression and textual OCR.
Replaces
Additional Information
  • description.provenance : Made available in DSpace on 2012-09-26T20:50:30Z (GMT). No. of bitstreams: 1 WaichlerWendySims1999.pdf: 5305603 bytes, checksum: 342e24885f9d2641562638410a6c644c (MD5) Previous issue date: 1998-09-25
  • description.provenance : Approved for entry into archive by Patricia Black(patricia.black@oregonstate.edu) on 2012-09-18T17:34:26Z (GMT) No. of bitstreams: 1 WaichlerWendySims1999.pdf: 5305603 bytes, checksum: 342e24885f9d2641562638410a6c644c (MD5)
  • description.provenance : Approved for entry into archive by Patricia Black(patricia.black@oregonstate.edu) on 2012-09-26T20:50:30Z (GMT) No. of bitstreams: 1 WaichlerWendySims1999.pdf: 5305603 bytes, checksum: 342e24885f9d2641562638410a6c644c (MD5)
  • description.provenance : Submitted by Kaylee Patterson (kdpscanner@gmail.com) on 2012-09-17T20:39:22Z No. of bitstreams: 1 WaichlerWendySims1999.pdf: 5305603 bytes, checksum: 342e24885f9d2641562638410a6c644c (MD5)

Relationships

In Administrative Set:
Last modified: 11/01/2017

Downloadable Content

Download PDF
Citations:

EndNote | Zotero | Mendeley

Items