Graduate Thesis Or Dissertation

 

A field study of a social cognition training program for deaf adults in vocational rehabilitation Public Deposited

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  • The study was designed to assess the efficacy of Lou and Charlson's (1991) social cognition training program for deaf adults. Sixteen deaf adult subjects who were vocational rehabilitation clients, and who had been identified as experiencing difficulties in social functioning, were assigned to receive a eight-week training program designed to raise the level of social cognition. Sixteen subjects were assigned to a control condition. Assignment to conditions was undertaken according to matching criteria designed to maximize the similarities between the treatment and control groups. The goal of the program was to assist participants in raising levels of social problem-solving and reasoning, and to improve their social functioning. The program combined an educational approach with group therapy techniques. All subjects received a pre-treatment assessment interview utilizing Lou and Charlson's Social Cognition Interview (1991) to identify levels of perspective-taking ability (PT) and person conceptualization ability (PC). The Social Cognition Interview instrument consists of an ordinal scale with four categories for PT and five categories for PC. Subjects in the treatment and control conditions were assessed a second time with the Social Cognition Interview, after the treatment group completed the training. The videotaped interviews were transcribed and scored according to standardized guidelines developed by Lou & Charlson (1991). Two-sample t-tests and Wilcoxon rank sum tests were used to compare pre- and post-treatment within-group and between-group mean scores on perspective-taking ability and person conceptualization (p < .05). The analysis of the pre-treatment PT and PC scores of the treatment group, the scores of the control group, and the repeated measures of the treatment and control groups indicated significant differences in the predicted direction. The results indicated that the treatment program had a significant effect in raising levels of social cognition among the subjects receiving the training. In light of these results, further exploration of the efficacy of the social cognition training program seems warranted.
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