The false consensus effect in estimates of safe and unsafe sexual practices Public Deposited

http://ir.library.oregonstate.edu/concern/graduate_thesis_or_dissertations/k35697799

Descriptions

Attribute NameValues
Creator
Abstract or Summary
  • The purpose of this study was three fold: 1) to determine if false consensus effects would be found for estimates of sexual behaviors, 2) to determine the directional accuracy of consensus estimates for subscribers and nonsubscribers and 3) to determine if the degree of accuracy of those estimates was influenced by self-esteem, sexual esteem, collective self-esteem, and religiosity. A questionnaire was administered to a sample of 821 university students to gather consensus estimates for twelve sexual behavior items. False consensus effects were found for all twelve behavioral items and further analysis was done to determine the directional accuracy of the estimates as well as to determine what motivational factors might influence the degree of accuracy of the consensus estimates. The specific motivational factors examined were self-esteem, sexual esteem, collective self-esteem, and religiosity. These four factors were measured using the following scales: 1) the Self-Esteem Scale (SES) (Rosenberg, 1965), 2) the Sexuality Scale (SS) (Snell & Papini, 1989; Wiederman & Allgeier, 1993), 3) the Collective Self-Esteem Scale Revised (CSES-R) (Luhtanen & Crocker, 1992) and 4) the Scale of Attitude Towards Christianity (Francis & Stubbs, 1987; Francis, 1989). Results of the study indicated that although significant false consensus effects were found for all twelve behavioral items, the directional accuracy of subscriber's estimates of consensus was not consistently or predictably different from the directional accuracy of nonsubscriber's estimates of consensus. A motivation theory for false consensus effects as measured by the self-esteem scale, sexuality scale, collective self-esteem scale, and religiosity scale used in this study was not supported.
Resource Type
Date Available
Date Copyright
Date Issued
Degree Level
Degree Name
Degree Field
Degree Grantor
Commencement Year
Advisor
Committee Member
Academic Affiliation
Non-Academic Affiliation
Subject
Rights Statement
Peer Reviewed
Language
Digitization Specifications
  • File scanned at 300 ppi (Monochrome, 8-bit Grayscale) using ScandAll PRO 1.8.1 on a Fi-6670 in PDF format. CVista PdfCompressor 4.0 was used for pdf compression and textual OCR.
Replaces
Additional Information
  • description.provenance : Made available in DSpace on 2012-11-08T19:56:19Z (GMT). No. of bitstreams: 1 PedersenPeggyJo1995.pdf: 8273189 bytes, checksum: 2385398a6ce82b7b728ac0e4976ea589 (MD5) Previous issue date: 1995-05-05
  • description.provenance : Approved for entry into archive by Patricia Black(patricia.black@oregonstate.edu) on 2012-11-07T23:14:48Z (GMT) No. of bitstreams: 1 PedersenPeggyJo1995.pdf: 8273189 bytes, checksum: 2385398a6ce82b7b728ac0e4976ea589 (MD5)
  • description.provenance : Submitted by John Valentino (valentjo@onid.orst.edu) on 2012-11-07T21:39:54Z No. of bitstreams: 1 PedersenPeggyJo1995.pdf: 8273189 bytes, checksum: 2385398a6ce82b7b728ac0e4976ea589 (MD5)
  • description.provenance : Approved for entry into archive by Patricia Black(patricia.black@oregonstate.edu) on 2012-11-08T19:56:19Z (GMT) No. of bitstreams: 1 PedersenPeggyJo1995.pdf: 8273189 bytes, checksum: 2385398a6ce82b7b728ac0e4976ea589 (MD5)

Relationships

In Administrative Set:
Last modified: 08/20/2017

Downloadable Content

Download PDF
Citations:

EndNote | Zotero | Mendeley

Items