The agricultural geography of the pear industry in Jackson County, Oregon Public Deposited

http://ir.library.oregonstate.edu/concern/graduate_thesis_or_dissertations/k930c040c

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  • Jackson County, Oregon is noted for the production of high quality pears. It is the fourth leading pear producing county in the United States and is the number one producer of winter pears. This thesis analyzes in detail the many aspects of the pear industry in the county. Climate, soils, topography, and progressive growers have been the main localizing factors. The study revealed that 200 growers produce the average annual total of three million boxes of pears on 9940 acres of bearing orchards. The pears are prepared for market in 12 packing houses and two canneries. The industry has a direct impact on the county of $15,000,000. The problems confronting the industry are caused by physical and biological factors. Spring frosts and hail damage are problems imposed by the climate. Pear Blight, Pear Decline, and Pear Scab are the main diseases. Insect pests such as the Pear Psylla and the Codling Moth must also be combatted. Urban encroachment has not yet been a serious problem in the county. The future for the industry appears to be stable, with little change in acreage. The fruit gift box industry will become of increasing importance, thus creating further emphasis on producing winter pears.
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