Chetco River tidal hydrodynamics and associated marina flushing Public Deposited

http://ir.library.oregonstate.edu/concern/graduate_thesis_or_dissertations/kk91fq08m

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  • The purpose of this study was to provide an understanding of the interrelationships between fresh and salt water Circulation, tidal transport and flushing patterns in the Chetco River estuary and its boat basins. Field work and water quality measurements were conducted at the entrance of the Chetco River during 1975 and 1976. These results were used for classifying the estuary and for developing and verifying both numerical and physical models. A one-dimensional numerical model was successfully used to simulate the tide and currents cf the Chetco River. The model was calibrated Prior to the recent (1976) port expansion and was used to predict the expected changes in tidal response due to the enlargement of the tidal basin. Subsequently, analytical and physical models were applied to predict the flushing ability of the new boat basin. Attempts were made to use a two-dimensional finite element numerical model for calculating currents and simulating the circulation in the boat basins. Results were compared with those taken during seasonal field studies. Analytical models were found to be economical and effective for estimating the flushing rate in small marinas, when applied with caution. Application of numerical models to small basins seems somewhat impractical because of grid size detail and computational costs. When studying the flushing characteristics of proposed marinas, a reduced-scale physical model is considered to be a most effective tool. For prototype considerations, field studies can be most instructive in providing information for decisions regarding the flushing characteristics of marinas. The study results show that the Port of Brookings marina flushing ranges from four to eight tidal cycles (two to four days). The new marina flushing rate depends on the range of tide and the strength of the ambient river currents. Water quality studies indicated that the Chetco River area has satisfactory water quality throughout all seasons; the only possible exception being when continuous dry summer months might occur along with high recreational use of the marina.
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