Biology of the pile perch (Rhacochilus vacca) Public Deposited

http://ir.library.oregonstate.edu/concern/graduate_thesis_or_dissertations/kw52jc88b

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  • Data were gathered on the life history of the pile perch (Rhacochilus vacca) from Yaquina Bay, Oregon, between April, 1966, and July, 1967. Pile perch feed on the bottom and consume mostly molluscs, barnacles and decapod crustaceans. Food habits varied among seasons and locations within the bay, whereas the diet of young-of-the-year perch differed only slightly from the diet of older fish. Mating occurred from October to January and the young were born from mid-July to mid-August. Timing of the reproductive cycles coincided in the two years observed. The gestation period is approximately six months. Fecundity was positively correlated with lengths of fish. An intraovarian mortality rate of 4.8 percent was estimated. instantaneous daily growth rates in weight of 0.0606 for embryos and 9.0093 for newborn fish were estimated. About one-third of the females were mature at age III and nearly all were mature at age IV. Longevity exceeded ten years and maximum attainable lengths (100) of 432 and 490 mm (TL) were estimated for males and females, respectively. Females grew slightly faster than males. Few perch of age classes I and II were captured. Females generally occurred higher (upstream) in the bay than males. Pile perch were commonly host to the copepods, Clavella and Lepeoptheirus; the nematode, Cucullanus;and metacercariae of bucephalid trematodes. The rate of copepod infestations varied seasonally.
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