Comparisons of teacher control ideology and student attitudes in elementary Christian schools Public Deposited

http://ir.library.oregonstate.edu/concern/graduate_thesis_or_dissertations/m326m5086

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  • This research project compared teacher attitude using the Pupil Control Ideology Form with student attitude using the Arlin-Hills Student Attitude Survey. P.C.I. Forms were collected from 834 teachers from 95 elementary Christian schools in several states. A total of 1074 student attitude surveys were collected from Christian school students in grades 4th through 6th from groups of Christian schools determined to be high P.C.I. schools and low P.C.I. schools. The null hypothesis of no relationship between the attitudes of students for high P.C.I. schools and for low P.C.I. schools was accepted. The test of null hypothesis was the Multivariate Analysis of Variance (MANOVA) using a 2x3x2 factoral design. The results of the MANOVA provided evidence to accept the null hypothesis based on the significance at the .05 level. Interaction effects of grade level and sex differences were significant beyond the .05 level, as were grade, sex and P.C.I. interaction for some measures of student attitude. Most of the variance in this case, however, is attributed to grade level and sex interaction effect and not to high and low P.C.I. Several important factors did emerge from the study. It was determined, as in other studies using the P.C.I., that pupil control ideology of teachers has wide variance across individual teachers, classrooms, and schools. The Arlin-Hills instruments also provided wide variance of scores on a similar basis. The student attitude scores of students tend to diminish from 4th through 6th grades. The attitude of students toward teachers and learning processes can be combined as a possible measure of climate due to high correlation between those two measures. However, student attitude toward teachers and toward learning processes should not be combined with student attitude toward mathematics and language arts because of reverse correlations. As the first major study of this type conducted within the Christian schools associations, the study provides a foundation beginning for additional research.
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