An improved solvent extraction of onion oil Public Deposited

http://ir.library.oregonstate.edu/concern/graduate_thesis_or_dissertations/m900nx488

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  • A simple process to obtain onion oil by direct solvent extraction was proposed. Several solvents commonly utilized in the food industry were tested for their selectivity in the extraction of the oil of onion. Diethyl ether and methylene chloride appeared to be the most suitable solvents for the extraction operation. The direct solvent extraction method produced a yield of onion oil approximately seven times higher than the yield obtained by the steaim distillation method. A process of fermentation of the ground raw onions was used prior to the solvent extraction operation. This produced an improvement in the onion oil yield of 60% over the normal solvent extraction method. In order to determine the quality of the onion oil obtained, refractive index, specific gravity, melting point, and sulfur content were determined. Sulfur content in the onion oil obtained by the method proposed here had one-third (weight basis) of the sulfur content of commercial onion oil. Two organoleptic evaluations were conducted for commercial onion oil and for the onion oil obtained by direct solvent extraction: odor threshold determination and comparative flavor evaluation. The commercial onion oil showed a lower threshold concentration (1.6 ppb) than the onion oil obtained in the laboratory (8.4 ppb). With respect to the comparative flavor tests, the test panels did not detect a statistically significant difference between the flavor of commercial onion oil and the oil obtained by the method proposed here.
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  • File scanned at 300 ppi (Monochrome) using Scamax Scan+ V.1.0.32.10766 on a Scanmax 412CD by InoTec in PDF format. LuraDocument PDF Compressor V.5.8.71.50 used for pdf compression and textual OCR.
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  • description.provenance : Approved for entry into archive by Patricia Black(patricia.black@oregonstate.edu) on 2011-12-12T21:04:00Z (GMT) No. of bitstreams: 1 MOLINARERESTO1981.pdf: 708129 bytes, checksum: 5f4a96d19394cc0894e5d57a0b749612 (MD5)
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  • description.provenance : Approved for entry into archive by Patricia Black(patricia.black@oregonstate.edu) on 2011-12-08T18:35:27Z (GMT) No. of bitstreams: 1 MOLINARERESTO1981.pdf: 708129 bytes, checksum: 5f4a96d19394cc0894e5d57a0b749612 (MD5)
  • description.provenance : Made available in DSpace on 2011-12-12T21:04:00Z (GMT). No. of bitstreams: 1 MOLINARERESTO1981.pdf: 708129 bytes, checksum: 5f4a96d19394cc0894e5d57a0b749612 (MD5) Previous issue date: 1981-10-21

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