Interactions between natural organic matter and gold nanoparticles stabilized with different organic capping agents Public Deposited

http://ir.library.oregonstate.edu/concern/graduate_thesis_or_dissertations/mc87ps63n

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  • The adsorption of natural organic matter (NOM) to the surfaces of natural colloids and engineered nanoparticles is known to strongly influence, and in some cases control, their surface properties and aggregation behavior. As a result, the understanding of nanoparticle fate, transport and toxicity in natural systems must include a fundamental framework for predicting such behavior. Using a suite of gold nanoparticles (AuNPs) with different capping agents, the impact of surface functionality, presence of natural organic matter and aqueous chemical composition (pH, ionic strength, and background electrolytes) on the surface charge and colloidal stability of each AuNP type was investigated. Capping agents used in this study were as follows: anionic (citrate and tannic acid), neutral (2,2,2-[mercaptoethoxy(ethoxy)]ethanol and polyvinylpyrrolidone), and cationic (mercaptopentyl(trimethylammonium)). Each AuNP type appeared to adsorb Suwannee River Humic Acid (SRHA) as evidenced by measureable decreases in zeta potential in the presence of 5 mg C L⁻¹ SRHA. It was found that 5 mg C L⁻¹ SRHA provided a stabilizing effect at low ionic strength and in the presence of only monovalent ions while elevated concentrations of divalent cations lead to enhanced aggregation. The colloidal stability of the NPs in the absence of NOM is a function of capping agent, pH, ionic strength and electrolyte valence. In the presence of NOM at the conditions examined in this study, the capping agent is a less important determinant of stability and the adsorption of NOM is a controlling factor.
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