A study of a Japanese-American basketball league and the assimilation of its members into the mainstream of United States society Public Deposited

http://ir.library.oregonstate.edu/concern/graduate_thesis_or_dissertations/mc87pv21j

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  • The present study was a modified replication of the two pioneer works in the field of sport and ethnic groups by Pooley (1968) and Tindall (1973). This study investigated whether participation in an ethnic basketball league in Japanese-American communities affected the rate of assimilation of two groups of Japanese-American, high-school aged males. Test instruments consisted of a written questionnaire, direct observations, and formal and informal focused interviews. The data collection was conducted by the researcher in the San Francisco Bay Area, California between December 26, 1982 and March 22, 1983. The participant group consisted of fifty, 15-18 year old, Japanese-American male participants in the East Bay Youth Athletic League (EBYAL) during 1982-83. The non-participant group was comprised of thirty-six, 15-18 year old, Japanese-American males who never participated in the EBYAL. All subjects were volunteers. The questionnaire, based on Tindall's instrument, was designed to measure six dimensions of assimilation of members of the two groups. Additional data on the participants in EBYAL regarding the six assimilation dimensions were obtained using formal interviews with team representatives, coaches, league executives, and randomly selected participants. In order to assess the rate of assimilation and the social, psychological, and cultural attributes of the participants, direct observations and informal focused interviews were conducted with the people involved in the EBYAL. The questionnaire was distributed to participants and nonparticipants. The return rate of the questionnaire was 80.2%, One main hypothesis and several sub-hypotheses were formulated. The hypotheses were tested using a one-tailed Student's t-test and/or a one-tailed chi-square test. Significance was sought at the .05 level of confidence for all hypotheses. The results of this study indicated that participation in the EBYAL did not appear to promote overall assimilation of its members into the mainstream of American life. Participation in ethnic sport clubs seemed to be an index of ethnic solidarity rather than a causal factor influencing the assimilation processes of this Japanese- American sample. The present study also found that complete acculturation has not taken place among the Yonsei, the fourth generation Japanese-Americans.
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