Riparian and adjacent upslope beetle communities along a third order stream in the western Cascade Mountain Range, Oregon Public Deposited

http://ir.library.oregonstate.edu/concern/graduate_thesis_or_dissertations/mg74qp246

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  • Monitoring wildlife habitats has become important to forest ecosystem management because it provides valuable information about the response of forests and their species to harvest practices, impacts from recreational use, conservation efforts, and natural and human-caused disturbances. Monitoring is a complex task that requires a variety of abiotic and biotic measurements and decisions about what should be measured, and when and where measurements should be taken. Riparian habitats contain unusually high diversity and are important to land managers. Wildlife assessments of riparian areas have focused on vertebrate species such as amphibians, birds, and mammals, but have largely ignored the arthropod components of the habitats. Arthropods constitute over 85% of all species and posses characteristics that make them valuable for tracking environmental changes. The purpose of this study was to gather site-specific data about epigaeic, riparian beetle community composition of the H.J. Andrews Experimental Forest (HJA). The patterns of beetle distribution, abundance, and diversity were analyzed and the results were used to characterize and compare the riparian and adjacent upslope beetle communities. Almost 8,000 beetle specimens representing about 250 species were collected from 141 pitfall traps placed along 10 transects in 3 different channel morphologies along Lookout Creek in the HJA. Traps were opened during six 30-day sampling periods over 2 years. Riparian and adjacent upslope beetle communities had high diversity measurements. The average difference of the calculated Simpson's Diversity Index between the two communities was 0.0116 and represented about 1% of the average riparian diversity. Analysis of species-curves indicated that the riparian habitats contained a higher total number of species. Multivariate Principal Coordinate Analysis indicated that the two habitats had distinctly different beetle communities. Multigroup Discriminant Analysis correctly classified 89.7% of the sampling units as the habitat group into which they were assigned a priori. Detailed recommendations for monitoring riparian habitats were discussed.
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