Measuring cultural competence in counselor-trainees : the development of an assessment process Public Deposited

http://ir.library.oregonstate.edu/concern/graduate_thesis_or_dissertations/mk61rk09b

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  • Statement of the Problem The primary purpose of this investigation was to determine if a valid and reliable assessment instrument could be developed to measure the cultural competence of counselor trainees. Hypotheses Five hypotheses were generated to establish the reliability and validity of the instrument. The instrument consisted of two scales, one designed to assess the ability of the subject to discriminate relevant issues (Discrimination Index) and the second, to communicate helpful responses (Communication Index). Two of the hypotheses tested the reliability of the scales. Two other hypotheses tested the validity of the scales And the fifth hypothesis examined the inter-relationship of the two scales. Methods and Procedures Six videotape simulations of actual cross-cultural counseling situations were developed based on 77 case studies drawn from the literature and interviews with practicing counselors. Four categories of critical issues were developed as an analytical tool for scene selection. The videotape consisted of clients making a series of five statements. After each of the first four client statements, subjects had 40 seconds to rank order what they believe to be the most and least relevant issues. After the fifth and final client statement, the subject had one minute to write a response to the client as though in the helping role. The six sample groups used in the study were master's candidates enrolled in a two year counselor education program at California State University, Sacramento. Two additional groups of students, enrolled in the external degree program, were included in the data collection for the item analysis. The Cultural Competence Scale was administered to a total of 111 subjects. Systematic test development and expert judgments were used to enhance the content validity of the test. Theoretical propositions regarding cultural competence were drawn from the literature as a basis for construct validity. Comparisons of group scores with staff ratings and contrasting groups analyses were used to examine the criterion-related validity of the instrument. Internal consistency measures were computed to ascertain the reliability of each index. The .05 level of significance was chosen for testing all hypotheses. The major outcome of the study is a preliminary form of the Cultural Competence Scale. Findings Results of the investigation indicate that the Cultural Competence Scale meets accepted criteria for reliability. Attempts to validate the instrument produced positive results on the criterion variable of training. The instrument was not validated using staff rating as a criterion variable. Based on the positive results of the reliability studies and equivocal results of the validity of the instrument, further development of the test is warranted and recommended by the researcher.
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