Primary productivity in the southeast Pacific Ocean : effects of enhanced ultraviolet-B radiation Public Deposited

http://ir.library.oregonstate.edu/concern/graduate_thesis_or_dissertations/mk61rn13b

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  • Anthropogenic releases of trace gases into the atmosphere are causing a decrease in stratospheric ozone concentrations and a subsequent increase in solar ultraviolet-B (UV-B)(280-320 nm) radiation reaching the earth's surface. The objective of this study was to determine the acute effects of enhanced UV-B radiation on the primary production of natural marine phytoplankton assemblages sampled over a wide latitudinal gradient and incubated under ambient levels of photosynthetically active radiation (PAR). Samples were collected approximately every 2 to 4° latitude in the southeast Pacific. Primary production was measured using the carbon-14 light and dark bottle technique. Fluorescent sunlamps were used to enhance the dose of UV-B radiation above ambient. Samples were maintained at ambient surface water temperature in a flow-through incubation tank. Enhanced UV-B radiation caused a significant mean decrease of 34% in surface water primary production. Decreases in primary production increased with and with increasing assimilation efficiencies. Results indicate that predicted increases in ambient solar UV-B radiation resulting from stratospheric ozone depletion could result in mean annual decreases of near-surface oceanic primary production of less than 1% near the equator to more than 32% at high southern latitudes.
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