Risk and reliability associated with use and reuse of vertical formwork Public Deposited

http://ir.library.oregonstate.edu/concern/graduate_thesis_or_dissertations/mp48sg82v

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  • Concrete formwork is a common type of temporary structure used on construction projects. Due to difficulties in considering actual construction site implications during formwork design, assessments of formwork integrity are often made in the field by site personnel based on subjective visual inspection. The use and re-use of concrete formwork exposes the workers involved in formwork use to different types of injury. This research study aims at: (i) mapping a general site activity workflow for the use and re-use of vertical formwork; (ii) evaluating onsite safety risks associated with formwork use and re-use activities, and (iii) assessing the reliability associated with formwork use and re-use. Development of the mapped workflow and identification of safety risks associated with each activity were based on interviews of construction site foremen involved in formwork construction and jobsite observations of formwork construction activities. Based on results from the survey on 32 carpenters engaged in concrete work, worker risk associated with formwork activities was quantified. Erection, stripping, and assembly of formwork were found to be activities that contribute most to the cumulative risk. The worker perception on the safety risk was compared to the recorded Occupational Safety and Health Administration (OSHA) Fatality and Catastrophe summaries, which correspond to worker injury reports. Data collected from OSHA injury reports indicate that concrete pouring, erection, and stripping are the activities with the highest risk. This shows a notable disconnect between survey based worker perception results and corresponding OSHA statistics. Sensitivity of unit risk indicate that high severity incidents have the highest impact on the risk, followed by Near Misses. Comparing the capacity of formwork samples with different number of uses to estimated load demand, reliability assessments were performed. The reliability assessment results are mixed since a large bias and uncertainty in the computation of the loading and capacity were identified in the development of this study. The bias is related to overly simplified and over conservative design equations that are currently prescribed in design guides, while the large uncertainty is mainly due to inherent randomness in the material and influence of exposure to the concrete on the strength of the plyform.
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  • description.provenance : Submitted by Amrutha Das (dasamru@onid.orst.edu) on 2014-06-10T21:03:56Z No. of bitstreams: 2 license_rdf: 1223 bytes, checksum: d127a3413712d6c6e962d5d436c463fc (MD5) DasAmrutha2014.pdf: 6648597 bytes, checksum: 228c655739da6cd015086ce067521698 (MD5)
  • description.provenance : Made available in DSpace on 2014-07-01T15:32:12Z (GMT). No. of bitstreams: 2 DasAmrutha2014.pdf: 5703824 bytes, checksum: 58f83f834b588a7e9e6e364fa10a8f1e (MD5) license_rdf: 1223 bytes, checksum: d127a3413712d6c6e962d5d436c463fc (MD5) Previous issue date: 2014-05-23
  • description.provenance : Submitted by Amrutha Das (dasamru@onid.orst.edu) on 2014-06-11T21:40:13Z No. of bitstreams: 2 DasAmrutha2014.pdf: 5703824 bytes, checksum: 58f83f834b588a7e9e6e364fa10a8f1e (MD5) license_rdf: 1223 bytes, checksum: d127a3413712d6c6e962d5d436c463fc (MD5)
  • description.provenance : Rejected by Julie Kurtz(julie.kurtz@oregonstate.edu), reason: Rejecting to make some changes. 1) The abstract page title doesn't match the title page. The word "Vertical" is on the abstract page title but not on the title page. The titles must match exactly. 2) The commencement date on the bottom of the title page should read - Commencement June 2014 (remove date, 14) 3) On the Approval page add to the first signature line - Co-major Professor 4) To keep all headings consistent change Table of Contents to all caps 5) page 95 is blank, is there something missing? If not, either put a note on the page that it's intentionally left blank, or remove the page and renumber. Everything else looks good. Once revised, log back into ScholarsArchive and replace the attached file with the revised file and resubmit. Thanks, Julie on 2014-06-11T19:04:08Z (GMT)
  • description.provenance : Approved for entry into archive by Julie Kurtz(julie.kurtz@oregonstate.edu) on 2014-06-21T21:03:39Z (GMT) No. of bitstreams: 2 DasAmrutha2014.pdf: 5703824 bytes, checksum: 58f83f834b588a7e9e6e364fa10a8f1e (MD5) license_rdf: 1223 bytes, checksum: d127a3413712d6c6e962d5d436c463fc (MD5)
  • description.provenance : Approved for entry into archive by Laura Wilson(laura.wilson@oregonstate.edu) on 2014-07-01T15:32:12Z (GMT) No. of bitstreams: 2 DasAmrutha2014.pdf: 5703824 bytes, checksum: 58f83f834b588a7e9e6e364fa10a8f1e (MD5) license_rdf: 1223 bytes, checksum: d127a3413712d6c6e962d5d436c463fc (MD5)

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